Vickers K

Vickers Gas Operated

Vickers K machine gun on a Fairey Battle bomber.
TypeMachine gun
Place of originUK
Service history
Used byUnited Kingdom
WarsWorld War II
Production history
ManufacturerVickers-Armstrongs
Specifications
Weight29.5 lb (13.4 kg)
Length37 in (0.93 m)

Cartridge.303 British
Calibre0.303 in (7.7 mm)
Actiongas
Rate of fire950 round/min
Feed systemdrum 60/100 rounds


The Vickers K gun, known as the Vickers Gas Operated (VGO) in British service, was a rapid-firing machine gun developed and manufactured for use in aircraft by Vickers-Armstrongs. The high rate of fire was needed for the short window of opportunity when the gunner would be able to fire at an attacking aircraft.

History

The Vickers K was a development of the Vickers-Berthier (VB) light machine gun. When the Browning Model 1919 machine gun was selected as the standard machine-gun armament for British aircraft, VBs became redundant.

Combat use

The Vickers K was fitted to a number of two- and three-seater aircraft in British service such as the Fairey Swordfish, Fairey Battle and Handley Page Hampden. It was also used in gun turrets, such as the dorsal turret in the Bristol Blenheim or the nose turret in the Armstrong Whitworth Whitley.
Enlarge picture
SAS returning from a 1943 patrol in North Africa with their twin-mounted Vickers K machine guns.
The Vickers K was used in a limited way by British ground forces. The Special Air Service adopted it for their hit and run tactics, mounting it in pairs on their jeeps. In a similar manner, the Airborne Reconnaissance Squadron of the Reconnaissance Corps had VGO's on their jeeps when they were attached to the 1st Airborne Division during Operation Market-Garden in September 1944. Royal Marine and Army Commandos used the VGO in an infantry support role/squad automatic weapon briefly around D-Day. In military terminology it was known as Gun, Machine, Vickers G.O. .303-inch.

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Type Light bomber
Manufacturer Fairey Aviation
Designed by Marcel Lobelle
Maiden flight 10 March 1936
Introduced June 1937
Retired 1949
Status 4 remain in museums
Primary users Royal Air Force
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Vickers-Armstrongs, Limited was a British engineering conglomerate formed by the merger of the assets of Vickers Limited and Sir W G Armstrong Whitworth & Company in 1927. The majority of the company was nationalised in the 1960s and 1970s, with the remainder being divested as
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cartridge or round packages the bullet, gunpowder and primer into a single metallic case precisely made to fit the firing chamber of a firearm. The primer is a small charge of impact-sensitive chemical that may be located at the center of the case head (centerfire
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.303 British is the commercial name of the .311" calibre rifle and machine gun cartridge first developed in Britain in the 1880s as a blackpowder round, later adapted to use cordite and then smokeless powder propellant.
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caliber or calibre designates the interior diameter of a tube or the exterior diameter of a wire or rod. It comes from the Italian calibro, itself from qālib (قالب), Arabic word for mold.
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action is the system of operation used to load rounds and/or seal the breech. In many weapons a breechblock reciprocates in the receiver of the firearm.

The term is also used for the physical parts inside the weapon that carry out the system of operation.
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Rate of fire is the frequency at which a specific weapon can fire or launch its projectiles. It is usually measured in rounds per minute (RPM or round/min), or per second (RPS or round/s).
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Motto
"Dieu et mon droit" [2]   (French)
"God and my right"
Anthem
"God Save the Queen" [3]
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machine gun is a fully-automatic mounted or portable firearm, usually designed to fire rifle cartridges in quick succession from an ammunition belt or large-capacity magazine, typically at a rate of several hundred rounds per minute.
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Vickers-Armstrongs, Limited was a British engineering conglomerate formed by the merger of the assets of Vickers Limited and Sir W G Armstrong Whitworth & Company in 1927. The majority of the company was nationalised in the 1960s and 1970s, with the remainder being divested as
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light machine gun (commonly abbreviated LMG) is a categorization type (or class) of machine guns that are generally lighter than other machine guns of its period, and usually designed to be carried by an individual soldier, but sometimes with an assistant.
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Browning M1919 was a .30 caliber light machine gun family widely used during the 20th century. It was used as a light infantry, coaxial, mounted, aircraft, and anti-aircraft machine gun by the U.S.
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Type torpedo-bomber
anti-submarine
Manufacturer Fairey Aviation
Maiden flight April 17, 1934
Introduced 1936
Retired 21 May 1945
Primary users Fleet Air Arm
Royal Air Force
Royal Canadian Air Force
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Type Light bomber
Manufacturer Fairey Aviation
Designed by Marcel Lobelle
Maiden flight 10 March 1936
Introduced June 1937
Retired 1949
Status 4 remain in museums
Primary users Royal Air Force
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Type medium bomber
Manufacturer Handley Page
Designed by Gustav Lachmann
Maiden flight 21 June 1936
Introduction 1938
Retired 1945
Primary users RAF
RCAF
Produced 1936-1941
Number built 1,430
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gun turret is a device that protects the crew or mechanism of a projectile firing weapon and at the same time lets the weapon be aimed and fired in many directions.

A turret is usually a rotating weapon platform.
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Type Light bomber/fighter
Manufacturer Bristol Aeroplane Company
Designed by Frank Barnwell
Maiden flight 12 April 1935
Introduction 1937
Retired 1944 (United Kingdom)
1956 (Finland)
Primary users
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Type Medium bomber
Manufacturer Armstrong Whitworth Aircraft
Designed by John Lloyd
Maiden flight 17 March 1936
Introduction 1937
Retired 1945
Primary user Royal Air Force
Number built 1,814

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Special Air Service Regiment (SAS) is the principal special forces unit of the British Army. A small and secretive institution, it sometimes attracts a disproportionate amount of media coverage. The SAS, today, serves as a model for similar units fielded by other countries.
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1st Airborne Division was a military unit that fought in World War II. It suffered terrible casualties, especially in Operation Market Garden. The unit was the first to use the maroon beret, now an internationally recognised symbol of elite airborne forces.
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Operation Market Garden (September 17–September 25, 1944) was an Allied military operation in World War II. Its tactical objectives were to secure a series of bridges over the main rivers of the German-occupied Netherlands by large-scale use of airborne forces together with a
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Naval Service

Components
Royal Navy
  • Surface Fleet
  • Fleet Air Arm
  • Submarine Service
  • Royal Navy Regulating Branch
  • Royal Naval Reserve
  • Queen Alexandra's Royal Naval Nursing Service
Royal Marines
  • (includes Royal Marines Reserve)

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The British Commandos were first formed by the Army in June 1940 during World War II as a well-armed but non-regimental raider force employing unconventional and irregular tactics to assault, disrupt and reconnoitre the enemy in mainland Europe and Scandinavia.
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squad automatic weapon (SAW, also known as section automatic weapon) is a light or general-purpose machine gun, usually equipped with a bipod and firing a rifle-caliber bullet. A SAW is used to provide suppressive fire for an infantry squad or section.
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United States: 29,000 dead, 106,000 wounded and missing;
United Kingdom: 11,000 dead, 54,000 wounded and missing;
Canada: 5,000 dead; 13,000 wounded and missing;
France: 12,200 civilian dead and missing 23,019 KIA ,
67,060 wounded,
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This list of aircraft is sorted alphabetically, beginning with the name of the manufacturer (or, in certain cases, designer). It is an inclusive list rather than an exclusive
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This is a list of aircraft manufacturers sorted alphabetically by International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO)/common name. It contains the ICAO/common name, manufacturers name(s), country and other data, with the known years of operation in parenthesis.
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A to E

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This is a list of aircraft engine manufacturers both past and present. The most important ones are listed in bold text.

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  • ABC Motors — UK
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