Vigan City

City of Vigan
Location
Enlarge picture
Map of Ilocos Sur showing the location of Vigan
Map of Ilocos Sur showing the location of Vigan
Government
RegionIlocos Region (Region I)
ProvinceIlocos Sur
District1st District of Ilocos Sur
Barangays39
Income class:5th class, urban
MayorFerdinand C. Medina (LP)
Founded1572
CityhoodJanuary 22, 2001
Official Websitewww.vigancity.gov.ph
Physical characteristics
Area11 km
Population      Total (2000)      Density
45,143
4103.91/km
Coordinates17°34'30" N 120°23'15" E
Historic Town of Vigan*
UNESCO World Heritage Site
State Party Philippines
TypeCultural
Criteriaii, iv
Reference502
RegionAsia-Pacific
Inscription History
Inscription1999  (23rd Session)
* Name as inscribed on World Heritage List.
Region as classified by UNESCO.


The City of Vigan is a 5th class city in the province of Ilocos Sur, Philippines. It is the capital city of Ilocos Sur. The city, located on the western coast of the large island of Luzon, facing the South China Sea.

It is a World Heritage Site in that it is the most intact example of a Spanish colonial town in Asia, and is well-known for its cobblestone streets and a unique architecture that fuses Asian building design and construction with European colonial architecture and planning.

According to the 2000 census, it has a population of 45,143 people in 9,193 households.

Elpidio Quirino, the 6th president of the Philippines, resided in Vigan.

Barangays

Vigan City is politically subdivided into 39 barangays.

  • Ayusan Norte
  • Ayusan Sur
  • Barangay I (Pob.)
  • Barangay II (Pob.)
  • Barangay III (Pob.)
  • Barangay IV (Pob.)
  • Barangay V (Pob.)
  • Barangay VI (Pob.)
  • Barraca
  • Beddeng Laud
  • Beddeng Daya
  • Bongtolan
  • Bulala
  • Cabalangegan
  • Cabaroan Daya
  • Cabaroan Laud
  • Camangaan
  • Capangpangan
  • Mindoro
  • Nagsangalan
  • Pantay Daya
  • Pantay Fatima
  • Pantay Laud
  • Paoa
  • Paratong
  • Pong-ol
  • Purok-a-bassit
  • Purok-a-dakkel
  • Raois
  • Rugsuanan
  • Salindeg
  • San Jose
  • San Julian Norte
  • San Julian Sur
  • San Pedro
  • Tamag
  • Barangay VII
  • Barangay VIII
  • Barangay IX (Cuta)

Origin of the City's Name

During the conquest days of the Spanish, The conquistador Juan de Salcedo headed up north to the Ilocos to establish a military base in present-day Vigan. When he first arrived in the place through what is now called Pagpartian through the Mestizo River, he noticed the lush, green plants growing along the riverbanks. He asked the name of the plants, and he knew that they were biga'a. He then derived the city's name, "Vigan," from the plant's name.

Its full name at the time of its founding was Villa Fernandina, in honor of the first born son of King Philip II of Spain. As the city grew, and the seat of the Archdiocese of Nueva Segovia transferred to the place, it was later named Ciudad Fernandina de Vigan, in honor of the reigning Spanish king.

Major Schools Based in Vigan

  • University of Northern Philippines - the oldest State University in Northern Luzon, founded by virtue of Republic Act 4449, authored by the late Congressman Floro Crisologo
  • Saint Paul College of Ilocos Sur (formerly Rosary College) - the oldest privately-funded school in Ilocos Sur, founded by the Sisters of Saint Paul of Chartres in Vigan (but recently fully transferred to nearby Bantay)
  • Divine Word College of Vigan - the second oldest privately-funded school in Ilocos Sur, founded by priests belonging to the Society of the Divine Word (SVD)

External links

Region: Ilocos Region (Region I)
Capital: Vigan City
Founded: 1572
Population:
2000 census—594,206 (41st largest)
Density—230 per km (34th highest)
Area: 2,579.

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Region I
Ilocos Region


Regional center San Fernando City, La Union
Population 4,200,478
– Density 327 per km
Area 12,840 km
Divisions
– Provinces 4
– Cities 9
– Municipalities 116
– Barangays 3,265
– Cong.
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Politics of the Philippines



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Region: Ilocos Region (Region I)
Capital: Vigan City
Founded: 1572
Population:
2000 census—594,206 (41st largest)
Density—230 per km (34th highest)
Area: 2,579.

..... Click the link for more information.
Philippines

This article is part of the series:
Politics of the Philippines



Government
Political history Constitution

Executive
President (list)
Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo
Vice President
..... Click the link for more information.
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Politics of the Philippines



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Political history Constitution

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President (list)
Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo
Vice President
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Region: Ilocos Region (Region I)
Capital: Vigan City
Founded: 1572
Population:
2000 census—594,206 (41st largest)
Density—230 per km (34th highest)
Area: 2,579.

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Geography <nowiki/>
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