Wali Sanga

In Indonesian, and particularly Javanese beliefs, Wali Sanga (the nine saints) (also transcribed as Wali Songo) are the founding saints of Islam in Java, Indonesia.

The graves of Wali Sanga are venerated and locations of ziarah or local pilgrimage in Java. The graves are also known as Ziyarat, as well as in Javanese pundhen.

Claims are made of some of the wali sanga having Arab descent, also with Chinese blood in them - Sunan Ampel, Sunan Bonang, Sunan Kalijaga,Sunan Gunungjati and Sunan Giri.

One of a number of beliefs about the origin of Islam in Java was introduced by Arabs - some sources claim the early rulers of the Demak Sultanate were Arab descendants .

Some sources claim variants on the specific members of the nine saints, or scholars. This list is an example:-

Grave locations

Information

Information about Wali Sanga is usually available in three forms:-
(a) Cerita rakyat - usually written as school texts for children to understand the lives and teaching of the founding saints of Islam:
(b) Palace kraton based manuscripts with 'sacred' connotations - in verse and in limited access
(c) articles and books about the historical characters - by both Indonesian and non-Indonesian writers which attempt to ascertain historical certainty against popular beliefs.

See also

Motto
"Bhinneka Tunggal Ika"   (Old Javanese)
"Unity in Diversity"
National ideology: Pancasila[1]
Anthem
Indonesia Raya
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Javanese beliefs (Kebatinan or Kejawen) have principles embodying a "search for inner self" but at the core is the concept of Peace Of Mind.

Although Kejawen
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Islam is Indonesia's dominant religion with approximately 88% of its population identifying as Muslims, making it the most populous Muslim-majority nation in the world.

The Indonesian Central Statistic Bureau (BPS) conducts a census every 10 years.
..... Click the link for more information.
Motto
"Bhinneka Tunggal Ika"   (Old Javanese)
"Unity in Diversity"
National ideology: Pancasila[1]
Anthem
Indonesia Raya
..... Click the link for more information.
Ziyarat is a pilgrimage to sites associated with the Islamic prophet Muhammad, his companions, or other venerated figures in Islamic history, such as Shi'a imams or Sufi saints. It literally means 'meeting'.
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pilgrimage is a long journey or search of great moral significance. Sometimes, it is a journey to a sacred place or shrine of importance to a person's beliefs and faith. Members of every major religion participate in pilgrimages.
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Ziyarat is a pilgrimage to sites associated with the Islamic prophet Muhammad, his companions, or other venerated figures in Islamic history, such as Shi'a imams or Sufi saints. It literally means 'meeting'.
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The Sultanate of Demak was Muslim state located on Java's north coast in Indonesia, at the site of the present day city of Demak. A port fief thought to have been founded in the last quarter of the fifteenth century, it was influenced by Islam brought by Arab and Gujarat traders.
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Sunan Maulana Malik Ibrahim or Makdum Ibrahim As-Samarkandy (also known as Syeikh Maghribi) was an Uzbek who arrived in Java in 1404 and worked at Gresik and Leran until his death in 1419.
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Sunan Ampel was a sayyid (descendant of the Holy Messenger Muhammad) and Muslim saint who spread Islam in Java of Hadramaut, South Yemen descent. He who arrived at Java by 1445. He married Nyi Gede Manila, daughter of a Chinese captain at Tuban named Gan Eng Cu.
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Sunan Giri (also called Raden Paku), Muhammad Ainul Yakin (b. AD 1442 in Blambangan (now Banyuwangi)) is considered to be one of the Wali Sanga of Java in Indonesia.

History


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Gresik
East Java, Indonesia

Capital

Area 1,137.05 km

Population () approx. 1 million

Website: www.
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Sunan Bonang, whose real name was Raden Maulana Makdum Ibrahim, was born in Tuban, East Java in 1465 and died in 1525 at Pulau Bawean[1]. He was a descendant of Majapahit nobility in Tuban. He was of Hadramaut, South Yemen descent . His father also a Sunan(Ampel).
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Sunan Kalijaga (1460–?), born as Raden Mas Said son of a Regent of Tuban in East Java, Indonesia, was one of the "nine saints" of Islam (Wali Sanga). He was a best friend to Sunan Gunungjati and said to have lived up to one hundred years which gave him the chance to
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Sunan Kudus (or Ja'far Shadiq, d. 1550), founder of Kudus, is considered to be one of the Wali Sanga of Java, Indonesia

He is said to have originated the wayang golek, and founded the masjid at Kudus using (it is said) the doors from the palace of Majapahit.
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Kudus is a regency (Indonesian: kabupaten) in Central Java province in Indonesia. Its capital is Kudus, located in the east of Semarang, capital of Central Java.

History

The city of Kudus was something of an important Islamic holy city in the sixteenth century.
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Mount Muria or Gunung Muria

Is a dormant volcano on the north coast of Java, Indonesia.

The area is notable for a number of reasons. It is the site of the grave of one of the Wali Sanga of Java - Sunan Muria
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Sunan Gunungjati was a Javanese wali who founded the city of Cirebon and the Banten Sultanate. Born as Syarif Hidayatullah in AD 1448, he was the son of Nyai Rara Santang, who was the daughter of Prabu Siliwangi (the ruler of Kingdom of Sunda).
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Cirebon (formerly Cheribon) is a city on north coast of the Indonesian island of Java. It is located in West Java province, approximately 297 km east of Jakarta, at .
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Cerita rakyat is a form of folklore found in Indonesia. Its origins are probably an oral culture, with a range of stories of heroes associated with Wayang and other forms of theatre, transmitted outside of a written culture.
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Kraton is the Javanese word for a royal palace. Its name is derived from ratu, which means "king". In Java, the palace of a prince is called puro or dalem. The general word to designate a palace is istana, as in Indonesian and Malay.
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Islam is Indonesia's dominant religion with approximately 88% of its population identifying as Muslims, making it the most populous Muslim-majority nation in the world.

The Indonesian Central Statistic Bureau (BPS) conducts a census every 10 years.
..... Click the link for more information.
Islam is thought to have first been adopted by Indonesians sometime during the eleventh century, although Muslims had visited Indonesia early in the Muslim era. Through assimilation Islam had supplanted Hinduism and Buddhism as the dominant religion of Java and Sumatra by
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