Wappo

Wappo People
Enlarge picture
A Wappo Woman, from Edward S. Curtis Collection
A Wappo Woman
from Edward S. Curtis Collection.
Total population
1770: 1,000-1,650
1850: 188-800
1910: 73
2000: 250
Regions with significant populations
California: Clear Lake, Napa Valley, Alexander Valley, Russian River Valley
Languages
Wappo Family''
Religions
Shamanism


The Wappo are a group of Native Americans who traditionally lived in Northern California in the areas of Napa Valley, the south shore of Clear Lake, Alexander Valley, and Russian River in Northern California. When Mexicans arrived to colonize California, Wappo villages existed near the present-day towns of Yountville, St. Helena and Calistoga. Those on the south shore of Clear Lake were completely absorbed and dispersed to the Spanish missions in California. The mission accounted for at least 550 Wappo baptisms (Cook, 1976:174).

The Wappo lived by hunting and gathering, and lived in small groups without centralized political authority, in homes built from branches, leaves and mud. Their woven baskets were so well-crafted that they could hold water.

The name Wappo is an Americanization of the Spanish term 'guapo', which means, among other things, 'brave'. They were known as brave for their stubborn resistance to Mexican domination, particularly their resistance to all military attempts from General Vallejo and his enlisted allies. In 1836 the warring parties signed a peace treaty.

Population

Estimates for the pre-contact populations of most native groups in California have varied substantially. (See Population of Native California.) Alfred L. Kroeber (1925:883) put the 1770 population of the Wappo at 1,000. Sherburne F. Cook (1976:174) raised this estimate to 1,650.

By the early 1850s, the surviving Wappo were reported to number between 188 and 800 (Cook 1976:239, 351, 357). However population dropped by 1880 to 50, and the 1910 Census returned only 73.(Cook 1976:239, 351).

See also

External links

References

  • Cook, Sherburne F. The Conflict Between the California Indian and White Civilization. Berkeley, CA: University of California Press, 1976. ISBN 0-520-03143-1.
  • Kroeber, Alfred L. 1925. Handbook of the Indians of California. Bureau of American Ethnology Bulletin No. 78. Washington, D.C.
Population groups of Native California
Achomawi · Atsugewi · Bay Miwok · Cahuilla · Chemehuevi · Chimariko · Chumash · Coast Miwok · Cupeo · Eel River Athapaskans (Lassik, Nongatl, Sinkyone, Wailaki) · Esselen · Gabrielino (Tongva) · Halchidhoma · Hupa (Chilula, Whilkut) · Juaneo (Acjachemen) · Karuk · Kato · Kawaiisu · Kitanemuk · Kumeyaay (Diegueo, Ipai, Tipai) · Lake Miwok · Luiseo · Maidu · Mattole (Bear River) · Modoc (Klamath) · Mohave · Mono (Monache, Owens Valley Paiute) · Nomlaki · Northern Paiute · Ohlone (Costanoan) · Patwin · Pomo · Quechan (Yuma) · Salinan · Serrano · Shasta (Konomihu, Okwanuchu) · Tataviam · Tolowa · Tubatulabal · Valley and Sierra Miwok · Wappo · Washoe · Western Shoshone · Wintu · Wiyot · Yana · Yokuts · Yuki · Yurok
Clearlake, California
Location in Lake County and the state of California
Coordinates:
Country United States
State California
County Lake
Area
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Napa County is a county located north of the San Francisco Bay Area in the U.S. state of California. It is part of the Napa, California Metropolitan Statistical Area. As of 2000 the population is 124,279. The county seat is Napa.
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The Alexander Valley is a valley located just north of Healdsburg in Sonoma County, California. It is home to many wineries and vineyards, as well as the city of Cloverdale.
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Russian River

The Russian River downstream of Duncans Mills


Country | United States
State | California
Counties | Sonoma, Mendocino
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Wappo}}}
Language codes
ISO 639-1: none
ISO 639-2:
ISO 639-3: wao Wappo is an extinct Yuki-Wappo language spoken in the Alexander Valley north of San Francisco in western California. Wappo is related to the Yuki language.
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Shamanism refers to a range of traditional beliefs and practices concerned with communication with the spirit world. There are many variations in shamanism throughout the world, though there are some beliefs that are shared by all forms of shamanism:

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American Indian and Alaska Native
One race: 2.5 million[1]
In combination with one or more other races: 1.6 million[2]
Regions with significant populations  United States

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Northern California, sometimes referred to as NorCal, is the northern portion of the U.S. state of California. The region contains the San Francisco Bay Area, the state capital, Sacramento; as well as the substantial natural beauty of the redwood forests, the northern
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Napa County is a county located north of the San Francisco Bay Area in the U.S. state of California. It is part of the Napa, California Metropolitan Statistical Area. As of 2000 the population is 124,279. The county seat is Napa.
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Clearlake, California
Location in Lake County and the state of California
Coordinates:
Country United States
State California
County Lake
Area
..... Click the link for more information.
The Alexander Valley is a valley located just north of Healdsburg in Sonoma County, California. It is home to many wineries and vineyards, as well as the city of Cloverdale.
..... Click the link for more information.
Russian River

The Russian River downstream of Duncans Mills


Country | United States
State | California
Counties | Sonoma, Mendocino
..... Click the link for more information.
Northern California, sometimes referred to as NorCal, is the northern portion of the U.S. state of California. The region contains the San Francisco Bay Area, the state capital, Sacramento; as well as the substantial natural beauty of the redwood forests, the northern
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Yountville, California
Location in Napa County and the state of California
Coordinates:
Country United States
State California
County Napa
Area
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St. Helena, California
Location in Napa County and the state of California
Country United States
State California
Counties Napa
Area
 - City  4.
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Calistoga, California

Seal

Coordinates:
Country United States
State California
County Napa
Incorporated 6 January, 1886
Government
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Location Lake County, California
Coordinates Coordinates:
Lake type
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The Spanish missions in California (more simply referred to as the California Missions) comprise a series of religious outposts established by Spanish Catholics of the Franciscan Order between 1769 and 1823 to spread the Catholic faith among the local Native
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Economic systems

Ideologies and Theories
Primitive communism
Capitalist economy
Corporate economy
Fascist economy
Laissez-faire
Mercantilism
Natural economy
Social market economy
Socialist economy
Communist economy


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 Spanish, Castilian
}}} 
Writing system: Latin (Spanish variant)
Language codes
ISO 639-1: none
ISO 639-2:
ISO 639-3: —

Spanish (
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Mariano Guadalupe Vallejo (4 July 1807 - 18 January 1890) was a Californian military commander, politician, and rancher. He was born a subject of Spain, performed his military duties as an officer of Mexico, and shaped the transition of California from a Mexican district to an
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Native Californian population have varied substantially, both with respect to California's pre-contact count and for changes during subsequent periods. Pre-contact estimates range from 133,000 to 705,000 with some recent scholars concluding that these estimates are low.
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Alfred Louis Kroeber (June 11, 1876–October 5, 1960) was one of the most influential figures in American anthropology in the first half of the twentieth century.

Kroeber was born in Hoboken, New Jersey.
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Sherburne Friend Cook was a physiologist by training, and served as professor and chairman of the department of physiology at the University of California, Berkeley. He was also a noted pioneer in population studies of the native peoples of North America and Mesoamerica and in
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Wappo}}}
Language codes
ISO 639-1: none
ISO 639-2:
ISO 639-3: wao Wappo is an extinct Yuki-Wappo language spoken in the Alexander Valley north of San Francisco in western California. Wappo is related to the Yuki language.
..... Click the link for more information.
Wappo traditional narratives include myths, legends, tales, and oral histories preserved by the Wappo people of the North Coast Ranges of northeastern California.

Wappo oral literature was classed with that of central California, but it also showed influences from the
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The Atsugewi were Native Americans residing in what is now northern California, United States, in the vicinity of Mount Shasta. They were closely related to the Achomawi.

The Atsugewi lived in the Pit River drainage on Burney, Hat, and Dixie Valley or Horse Creeks.
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