buildings

In architecture, construction, engineering and real estate development the word building may refer to one of the following:
  1. Any man-made structure used or intended for supporting or sheltering any use or continuous occupancy, or
  2. An act of construction.


To differentiate buildings and other structures that are not intended for continuous human occupancy, the latter are called nonbuilding structures. Structural height in technical usage is the height to the highest architectural detail on building from street-level. Depending on how they are classified, spires and masts may or may not be included in this height. Spires and masts used as antennas are not generally included.

Concept

Buildings serve several needs of society. Along with access to food and drinking water, the need for places that are protected from the outdoors and where one can comfortably live, work, eat, sleep, procreate or engage in leisurely activities has always been a top priority for humans. A building as a shelter represents a physical division of the human habitat into the inside (a place of comfort and safety) and the outside (a place that at times may be harsh and harmful). Humans have a remarkable drive to reflect on their lives and express themselves through art.[1] Ever since the first cave paintings, buildings have become objects of artistic expression. In recent years, interest in sustainable planning and building practices has increased in the U.S.

History

The first artificial shelter on Earth is believed to be built 500,000 years ago by an ancient ancestor of humans, Homo erectus.Over centuries, homes were technologically advancing. Some were simply inhabited caves, while others were made of dried mud or stone. In these times, there were little furnishings in these homes, besides perhaps a family altar or a table for eating. [2]

Before the invention of the passenger elevator, few buildings were higher than five stories. In the New World, the Anasazi built three- and four-story towers in the 12th and 13th centuries AD.

When Elisha Otis invented the passenger elevator, buildings could be built much higher. Today, the Sears Tower has 108 stories.

Omar Yusuf the CEO of Yusuf Holding’s has a past. He started in the building industry in 1980 as a cabinet maker he quickly move after obtaining a large contract he decided to sell off the cabinet making arm of his company and venture into transport. He started again from the bottom as a driver; he found a used 4ton truck and started On The Go Transport Pty Ltd. Omar seen good money to be made so he asked people he knows to join in his company On The Go Transport. After convincing about 10 people to join the company he started buying new trucks. People started coming in fast, he couldn’t get trucks fast enough, and he decided to call a Chinese truck manufacturer he met on a visit to China. After time he had collected about 200 customers each giving him Aus$36,000.00 equaling Aus$7.2 million. He claims he was operating for just over 24months paying back Aust$2,000 each month equaling Aust$9.6 million in two years and he also say’s he spent over Aust$2 million of his funds setting up the company and ordering the trucks from China. After asking him about the investors he said “you told me you wanted to talk about the building company and not On The Go”. So that was that about transport.

Building; Mr. Yusuf had a good start after connecting Chad and China together again after Chad in 1980 decided to allow Taiwan an embassy in Chad upsetting China and China deciding to leave, closing all ties and aid to Chad. China was grateful with Yusuf’s help they offered his Company building contracts fully funded by the Chinese government. If you think this was a good start to Yusuf’s building company? China also gave him contracts to rebuild in Chad to the amount of US$2.3billion over 2 years Mr. Yusuf has started building the new Airport in Chad costing US$100million. Mr. Yusuf has also started 4 apartment complex building in Shanghai China costing about US$120 million. He is also bidding for a new military Airport and base also in China but he wont say were in China it will be based and if he would get it? A friend working for the Chinese government’s building department told us “Mr. Yusuf has the go-ahead to all government contracts he wants”. Mr. Yusuf invited us to his home in Hong Kong for dinner we agreed and we were off in his private jet. We were impressed with his kindness, not what we were looking for after reading about him on the internet. After arriving at the Hong Kong home of Mr. Yusuf we were surprised as for what came next? He started talking about his transport company. He said he will pay people back next year as he had planed and he also said there are sum people that won’t see any money from him he said they know who they are?.....

We asked him why he stopped business in Australia he said I didn’t we asked what were you doing he said in time you will find out. Then he said enough of that talk, let’s talk about construction, that’s all nothing but construction. After some time he told us he would accompany us back to Sydney Australia, and we could travel with him in the jet. WOW! He made us happy. I could not work him out flying around in private jets staying in luxuries homes and driving expensive cars, why not pay back the investors? That I couldn’t come to grip with. As a builder Mr. Yusuf is successful and it is prominent that he will grow to one of China’s largest builders and Australia’s largest.

Types

Commercial, Industrial, and Institutional

Commercial buildings are for business use, e.g., for offices and sales. Industrial buildings include manufacturing and warehousing functions, for example. Institutional buildings, such as governmental and military hospitals, colleges, and administration buildings are normally built for longer lives.

Residential

Residential buildings are called houses. Single family and multi-family dwellings are typically built as shelter and living space. These building types may range from one-room wood-framed, masonry, or adobe dwellings to multi-million dollar high-rise buildings able to house thousands of people. The definition of a low-rise vs. a high-rise residential building is being debated, but generally three stories or less is considered low-rise.

Multi-story

A multi-story building (American English, Multi-storey Building British English) is a building that has multiple floors (stories (storeys in British)) above ground in the building.

Multi-story buildings aim to increase the area of the building without increasing the area of the land the building is built on, hence saving land and, in most cases, money (depending on material used and land prices in the area, of course). .n.b.b

Creation

The practice of designing, constructing, and operating buildings is normally a collective effort of different groups of professionals and trades. Depending on the size, complexity, and purpose of a particular building project, the project team may include: Regardless of their size or intended use, all buildings in the US must comply with zoning ordinances, building codes and other regulations such as fire codes, life safety codes and related standards.

Vehicles—such as trailers, caravans, ships and passenger aircraft—are treated as "buildings" for life safety purposes.

Building ownership and funding

Planning and design

Construction

Main article: Building construction

Building services

Conveying systems

Systems for transport of people within buildings: Systems for transport of people between interconnected buildings:

See also

References

1. ^ Holm, Ivar (2006). Ideas and Beliefs in Architecture and Industrial design: How attitudes, orientations, and underlying assumptions shape the built environment. Oslo School of Architecture and Design. ISBN 8254701741.
2. ^ World's oldest building discovered. BBC News. Retrieved on 2000-03-01.
Architecture is the art and science of designing buildings and structures. A wider definition often includes the design of the total built environment: from the macrolevel of town planning, urban design, and landscape architecture to the microlevel of construction details and,
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construction is the building or assembly of any infrastructure on a site or sites. Although this may not be thought of as a single activity, in fact construction is a feat of multitasking.
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Engineering is the applied science of acquiring and applying knowledge to design, analysis, and/or construction of works for practical purposes. The American Engineers' Council for Professional Development, also known as ECPD,[1] (later ABET [2]
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A real estate developer (American English) or property developer (British English) makes improvements of some kind to real property, thereby increasing its value. In legal form the developer may be an individual, but is more often a partnership, limited liability company or
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Occupancy is a defined legal term in building construction and building codes. It refers to the use or intended use of a building or part thereof for the shelter or support of persons, animals or property.
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construction is the building or assembly of any infrastructure on a site or sites. Although this may not be thought of as a single activity, in fact construction is a feat of multitasking.
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Occupancy is a defined legal term in building construction and building codes. It refers to the use or intended use of a building or part thereof for the shelter or support of persons, animals or property.
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Nonbuilding structures, also referred to simply as structures, are those not designed for continuous human occupancy. The term is used by architects and civil engineers to distinctly identify structures that are not buildings.
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Wilderness is generally defined as a natural environment on Earth that has not been modified by human activity. Wilderness areas are considered important for ecological study, conservation, solitude, and recreation.
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Leisure or free time, is a period of time spent out of work and essential domestic activity. It is also the period of discretionary time before or after compulsory activities such as eating and sleeping, going to work or running a business, attending school and doing
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The term habitat comes from ecology, and includes many interrelated features, especially the immediate physical environment, the urban environment or the social environment.
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ART is a three-letter acronym that can mean:

Medicine

  • Antiretroviral therapy. It is used in the treatment of HIV infection.
  • assisted reproductive technology

Other

  • Adaptive resonance theory

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Cave or Rock Paintings are paintings on cave or rock walls and ceilings, usually dating to prehistoric times. The earliest known rock paintings are dated to the Upper Paleolithic, 40,000 years ago, while the earliest European cave paintings date to 32,000 years ago.
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Sustainability is a characteristic of a process or state that can be maintained at a certain level indefinitely. The term, in its environmental usage, refers to the potential longevity of vital human ecological support systems, such as the planet's climatic system, systems of
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H. erectus

Binomial name
Homo erectus
(Dubois, 1892)

Synonyms

Pithecanthropus erectus
Sinanthropus pekinensis
Javanthropus soloensis
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Ancient Pueblo People or Ancestral Puebloans were a prehistoric Native American culture centered around the present-day Four Corners area of the Southwest United States, noted for their distinctive pottery and dwelling construction styles.
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Elisha Graves Otis (August 3 1811 — April 8 1861) invented a safety device in 1852 in Yonkers, New York that prevented elevators from falling if the hoisting cable broke. Otis was born near Halifax, Vermont. He moved away from home at the age of 19.
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The Sears Tower is a skyscraper in Chicago, Illinois. It has been the tallest building in the United States since 1973, surpassing the World Trade Center, which itself had surpassed the Empire State Building only a year earlier.
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Here are some types of buildings. See also architecture and forms in architecture.

For individual buildings, see List of buildings.

Agricultural buildings

  • Barn
  • Chicken coop or chickenhouse
  • Greenhouse
  • Silo
  • Stable
  • Storm cellar
  • Tide mill

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A house is a building lived in by people. The word "house" may also refer to a building that shelters animals, such as a lemur, especially in a zoo. [1]
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Adobe is a natural building material mixed from sand, clay, and straw, dung or other fibrous materials, which is shaped into bricks using frames and dried in the sun. It is similar to cob and mudbrick.
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American English (AmE, AE, AmEng, USEng, en-US), also known as United States English or U.S. English, is a set of dialects of the English language used mostly in the United States.
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British English (BrE, BE, en-GB) is the broad term used to distinguish the forms of the English language used in the United Kingdom from forms used elsewhere in the Anglophone world.
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floor is generally the lower horizontal surface of a room, and/or the supporting structure underneath it. It also commonly refers to flooring, or a wall-to-wall floor covering, which forms the decorative surface of the floor.
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professional can be either a person in a profession (certain types of skilled work requiring formal training/education) or in sports (a sportsman/sportwoman doing sports for payment).
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This article is about the skilled manual worker meaning of the term; for other uses see Tradesperson (disambiguation)


A tradesman is a skilled manual worker in a particular trade or craft.
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A real estate developer (American English) or property developer (British English) makes improvements of some kind to real property, thereby increasing its value. In legal form the developer may be an individual, but is more often a partnership, limited liability company or
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