consolamentum

Consolamentum, known as heretication to its critics, was the baptismal sacrament of the Albigenses and other branches of Cathars. Unlike modern mainstream Christianity the Baptism that was used by the majority of Cathars did not involve water, only words, the laying on of hands, and the placing of the Gospel attributed to St-John upon the head of the consoled. According to the Albigenses and other Cathars, the consolamentum was the baptism of the Holy Spirit, reception of all the spiritual gifts, power to bind and loose, absolution, baptismal regeneration, and Ordination all in one. The ritual took many forms; there were some that used the entire New Testament and as stated above some only used the book of John while consoling. There were even some remote cases where water was used during consolamentum being profusely poured over the recipient's head until he/she was completely wet (as opposed to sprinkling) while the name of Christ was mentioned in place of the mention of the members of the Trinity which was a doctrine Albigenses and Cathars did not profess (their Christology resembled modalistic monarchism in the West and adoptionism in the East). Laying on of hands were always part of the ceremony. Some historians have stated that incidences of estatic utterances during Consolamentum was actually glossolalia, or "speaking in tongues," which demanded that the rite be even more secretly guarded since this phenomenon occurring outside of the Church was considered witchcraft and was punishable by death.

There was only one rite of the consolamentum ceremony, though it was administered in two different circumstances. The first was for only the most committed of believers. It was administered to willing ascetic adults of either sex who, once baptized, became a "Parfait" (Perfect). Parfaits were required to be vegetarian, to be celibate, and to dedicate their lives to travelling and teaching Albigensian and Cathar doctrines. These Parfaits were the leaders of the Albigensian and other Cathar communities (Albigenses were a branch of Cathari in what was to later become southern France. Most people use the term Albigenses when referring to those that adhered to a branch of Cathari that was less dualistic and more closely resembled orthodoxy).

The vast majority of the population did not receive consolamentum until on the verge of death. Once given the consolamentum, the same rules applied to them, though they were obviously not expected to travel or preach from their deathbed. This allowed most believers to live somewhat normal lives and receive consolamentum shortly before passing away.

According to a few known cases in the latter years of Catharism, the terminally ill would voluntarily undertake a complete fast known as the endura. It was only undertaken when death was clearly inevitable. It was a form of purification and separation from the material world which was controlled by the evil one. They believed that this final sacrifice ensured their reunification with the Good God.

References

Baptism, from Greek βαπτίζω (baptízô), is a religious act of purification by water usually associated with admission to membership or fullness of membership of Christianity.
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Christianity

Foundations
Jesus Christ
Church Theology
New Covenant Supersessionism
Dispensationalism
Apostles Kingdom Gospel
History of Christianity Timeline
Bible
Old Testament New Testament
Books Canon Apocrypha
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Catharism was a name given to a religious sect with gnostic elements that appeared in the Languedoc region of France in the 11th Century and flourished in the 12th and 13th Centuries.
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Holy water can also refer to water that has been blessed, such as by a priest, and is considered holy. See holy water. For the song of the same name by Big & Rich, see Holy Water (song).

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Christianity

Foundations
Jesus Christ
Church Theology
New Covenant Supersessionism
Dispensationalism
Apostles Kingdom Gospel
History of Christianity Timeline
Bible
Old Testament New Testament
Books Canon Apocrypha
..... Click the link for more information.
Glossolalia (from Greek glossa γλώσσα "tongue, language" and lalô λαλώ "speak, speaking") is the vocalizing of fluent speech-like but unintelligible utterances, often as part of religious practice.
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Vegetarianism is the practice of a diet that excludes all animal flesh, including poultry, game, fish, shellfish or crustacea, and slaughter by-products. There are variations that admit dairy products, eggs and/or products from animal labor such as honey.
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Clerical celibacy is the practice of various religious traditions in which clergy, monastics and those (of either sex) in religious orders adopt a celibate life, refraining from marriage and sexual relationships, including masturbation and "impure thoughts" (such as sexual
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Fast may refer to:
  • Fasting, abstaining from food
  • Nacional Fast Clube, a Brazilian football club
  • A speed racing for dirt horse racing tracks
  • Fast Search & Transfer, a Norwegian company focusing on data search technologies

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Endura may refer to:
  • a rite of the Cathars
  • Endura-D, an engine built by Ford Motor Company

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Emmanuel Le Roy Ladurie (born 1929) is a noted French historian whose work is mainly focused upon Languedoc in the ancien regime, focusing on the history of the peasantry. He is a noted pioneer in the fields of history from below and microhistory.
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Commune of
Montaillou


Location
Longitude 01° 53' 56" E
Latitude 42° 47' 20" N

Administration
Country  France
Arrondissement Foix

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