estrildid finch

Estrildid Finches

Scientific classification
Kingdom:Animalia
Phylum:Chordata
Class:Aves
Order:Passeriformes
Family:Estrildidae
Bonaparte, 1850
Genera


Many:see text
The estrildid finches are small passerine birds of the Old World tropics and Australasia. They can be classified as the family Estrildidae (weaver-finch) or as a sub-group within the family Passeridae, which also includes the true sparrows.

They are gregarious and often colonial seed-eaters with short, thick, but pointed bills. They are all similar in structure and habits, but vary widely in plumage colours and pattern.

All the estrildids build large domed nests and lay 5–10 white eggs. Many species build roost nests. Some of the fire-finches and pytilias are hosts to the brood-parasitic indigobirds and whydahs respectively.

Most are sensitive to cold and require a warm, usually tropical, habitat, although a few have adapted to the cooler climates of southern Australia.

The smallest species of the family is the Fernando Po Oliveback (Nesocharis shelleyi) at a mere 8.3 cm (3.3 inches), although the lightest species is the Black-rumped Waxbill (Estrilda troglodytes) at 6 g. The largest species is the Java Sparrow (Padda oryzivora), at 17 cm (6.7 inches) and 25 g.

Species list

External links

T. guttata

Binomial name
Taeniopygia guttata
Vieillot, 1817

The Zebra Finch, Taeniopygia guttata
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Scientific classification or biological classification is a method by which biologists group and categorize species of organisms. Scientific classification also can be called scientific taxonomy, but should be distinguished from folk taxonomy, which lacks scientific basis.
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Chordata
Bateson, 1885

Typical Classes

See below

Chordates (phylum Chordata) are a group of animals that includes the vertebrates, together with several closely related invertebrates.
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Aves
Linnaeus, 1758

Orders

About two dozen - see section below

Birds (class Aves) are bipedal, warm-blooded, egg-laying vertebrate animals.
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Passeriformes
Linnaeus, 1758

Suborders
  • Acanthisitti
  • Tyranni
  • Passeri


A passerine is a bird of the giant order Passeriformes. More than half of all species of bird are passerines.
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Charles Lucien (Carlo) Jules Laurent Bonaparte, 2nd Prince of Canino and Musignano (May 24, 1803 – July 29, 1857) was a French naturalist and ornithologist. He was the son of Lucien Bonaparte and nephew of Emperor Napoleon.
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Passeriformes
Linnaeus, 1758

Suborders
  • Acanthisitti
  • Tyranni
  • Passeri


A passerine is a bird of the giant order Passeriformes. More than half of all species of bird are passerines.
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Aves
Linnaeus, 1758

Orders

About two dozen - see section below

Birds (class Aves) are bipedal, warm-blooded, egg-laying vertebrate animals.
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The Old World consists of those parts of Earth known to Europeans, Asians, and Africans in the 15th century before the voyages of Christopher Columbus; it includes Europe, Asia, and Africa (collectively known as Africa-Eurasia), plus surrounding islands.
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Australasia is a term variably used to describe a region of Oceania: Australia, New Zealand, and neighbouring islands in the Pacific Ocean. The term was coined by Charles de Brosses in Histoire des navigations aux terres australes (1756).
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family (Latin: familia, plural familiae) is a rank, or a taxon in that rank. Exact details of formal nomenclature depend on the Nomenclature Code which applies.
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Passeridae
Illiger, 1811

Genera

Passer
Petronia
Carpospiza
Montifringilla

The "true sparrows", the Old World sparrows in the family Passeridae, are small passerine birds.
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Passeridae
Illiger, 1811

Genera

Passer
Petronia
Carpospiza
Montifringilla

The "true sparrows", the Old World sparrows in the family Passeridae, are small passerine birds.
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Brood parasites are organisms that use the strategy of brood-parasitism, a kind of kleptoparasitism found among birds, fish or insects, involving the manipulation and use of host individuals either of the same (intraspecific brood-parasitism) or different species
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Viduidae

Genus: Vidua
Cuvier, 1816

Species

See text.

See also Whydah Gally for the pirate ship and Ouidah for the town in Benin.
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Viduidae

Genus: Vidua
Cuvier, 1816

Species

See text.

See also Whydah Gally for the pirate ship and Ouidah for the town in Benin.
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Anthem
Advance Australia Fair [1]


Capital Canberra

Largest city Sydney
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N. shelleyi

Binomial name
Nesocharis shelleyi
Alexander, 1903

The Fernando Po Oliveback (Nesocharis shelleyi) is a species of estrildid finch found in Africa.
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E. troglodytes

Binomial name
Estrilda troglodytes
(Lichtenstein, 1823)

The Black-rumped Waxbill Estrilda troglodytes is a common species of estrildid finch found in Southern Africa.
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P. oryzivora

Binomial name
Padda oryzivora
Linnaeus, 1758

The Java Sparrow, Padda oryzivora also known as Java Finch or Java Rice Bird is a small passerine bird.
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Parmoptila
Cassin, 1859

Species

See text.
The antpeckers, Parmoptila, are a genus of estrildid finch from the family Estrildidae. The two species range across the tropical forests of central Africa.
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Parmoptila
Cassin, 1859

Species

See text.
The antpeckers, Parmoptila, are a genus of estrildid finch from the family Estrildidae. The two species range across the tropical forests of central Africa.
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P. rubrifrons

Binomial name
Parmoptila rubrifrons
(Sharpe & Ussher, 1872)

The Jameson's Antpecker (Parmoptila rubrifrons) is a species of estrildid finch found in Africa.
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P. woodhousei

Binomial name
Parmoptila woodhousei
Cassin, 1859

Woodhouse's Antpecker (Parmoptila woodhousei) is a common species of estrildid finch found in wetter land of Central Africa.
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Nigrita
Strickland, 1843

Species
  • N. fusconotus
  • N. bicolor
  • N. luteifrons
  • N. canicapillus


The negrofinches or nigritas are small passerine birds belonging to the genus
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N. fusconotus

Binomial name
Nigrita fusconotus
Fraser, 1843

The White-breasted Negrofinch (Nigrita fusconotus) is a common species of estrildid finch found in Africa.
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N. bicolor

Binomial name
Nigrita bicolor
(Hartlaub, 1844)

The Chestnut-breasted Negrofinch (Nigrita bicolor) is a common species of estrildid finch found in Africa.
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N. luteifrons

Binomial name
Nigrita luteifrons
Verreaux & Verreaux, 1851

The Pale-fronted Negrofinch (Nigrita luteifronsan) is a common species of estrildid finch found in Africa.
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