garbhagriha

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Entrance to cave garbhagriha at Elephanta Caves


Garbhagriha or Garbagriham is a Sanskrit word meaning the interior of the sanctum sanctorum, the inner most sanctum of a Hindu temple where resides an image of the primary deity. Literally the word means "womb chamber" from Sanskrit word garbha for womb. Only priests are allowed to enter.[1] [2] [3]

Hindu

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Garbhagriha at Badami Cave Temples
In the Dravida style, the garbhagriha took the form of a miniature vimana with other features exclusive to southern Indian temple architecture such as the inner wall together with the outer wall creating a pradakshina around the garbhagriha. The entrance is highly decorated. The inner garbhagriha or shrine became a separate structure, more elaborately adorned over time.[4]

The garbhagriha is always square and sits on a plinth, its location calculated to be a point of total equilibrium and harmony as it is representative of a microcosm of the universe. In the center is placed the image of the deity.[5]

Kerala

The present structure of most of these temples is a two storeyed vimana with a square garbhagriha and a surrounting circumambulatory path, an ardha-mandapa and a narrower maha-mandapa.[4]

Notes

1. ^ [ [1] Garbhagriha]. Retrieved on 2007-01-24.
2. ^ Architecture of the Indian Subcontinent - Glossary. Retrieved on 2007-01-24.
3. ^ Templenet - Glossary. Retrieved on 2007-01-29.
4. ^ Temple Architecture. Retrieved on 2007-01-24.
5. ^ Thapar, Binda (2004). Introduction to Indian Architecture. Singapore: Periplus Editions, p 43. ISBN 0794600115. 

External links

Sanskrit}}}  | style="padding-left: 0.5em;" | Writing system: | colspan="2" style="padding-left: 0.5em;" | Devanāgarī and several other Brāhmī-based scripts  ! colspan="3" style="text-align: center; color: black; background-color: lawngreen;"|Official
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sanctum sanctorum means literally "Holy of Holies." It was originally applied in a religious context to the most sacred place within a sacred building (such as a temple). However, in common usage can also be applied to mean any reserved, private, or much-valued place.
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Hindu temple (Sanskrit: mandira), is a house of worship for followers of Hinduism. They are usually specifically reserved for religious and spiritual activities.

A Hindu temple can be a separate structure or a part of a building.
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deity or god is a postulated preternatural or supernatural being, who is always of significant power, worshipped, thought holy, divine, or sacred, held in high regard, or respected by human beings.
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Sanskrit}}}  | style="padding-left: 0.5em;" | Writing system: | colspan="2" style="padding-left: 0.5em;" | Devanāgarī and several other Brāhmī-based scripts  ! colspan="3" style="text-align: center; color: black; background-color: lawngreen;"|Official
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Dravidian

Total population approx.
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Vimana is a term for the sanctum sanctorum of a South Indian temple. It is the enclosure which contains the image of presiding deity.[1]

Notes

1. ^ Glossary . art-and-archaeology. Retrieved on 2007-02-10.

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Pradakshina, meaning circumambulation, consists of walking around in a circle as a form of worship in Hindu temples ceremonies in India. The devotees walk around the sanctum sanctorum, the innermost chamber of the shrine housing the the temple deity.
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A plinth is the base of a cabinet in cabinet making.

It is also a word used in the popular internet game word whomp.

In architecture, a plinth is the platform or base upon which a column, pedestal, statue, monument, or structure rests.
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