hyanggyo

Hyanggyo

Korean name
Hangul향교
Hanja
Revised RomanizationHyanggyo
McCune-ReischauerHyanggyo


The Hyanggyo were government-run provincial schools in medieval Korea. They were established separately in the Goryeo (10th-14th centuries) and Joseon periods, but did not meet with widespread success in either dynasty. They were officially closed near the end of the Joseon Dynasty, in 1894, but many were reopened as public elementary schools in 1900.

In the Joseon Dynasty, hyanggyo were established in every bu, mok, daedohobu, dohobu, gun, and hyeon (the last corresponding roughly to the size of modern-day cities and counties). They served primarily the children of the yangban, or upper-class. Education was oriented toward the gwageo, or national civil service examinations. Although such education was in high demand, the hyanggyo were ultimately unable to compete with the privately run seowon and seodang.

See also

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Hangul (한글) or Chosŏn'gŭl (조선글) [2]

ISO 15924 Hang

Note
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Origins
Traditional Chinese
Variant characters
Simplified Chinese
Simplified Chinese (2nd-round)
Traditional/Simplified (debate)
Kanji
- Man'yōgana
Hanja
- Idu
Han Tu
- Chữ Nm

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The Revised Romanization of Korean is the official Korean language romanization system in South Korea. It is the official South Korean replacement for the 1984 McCune-Reischauer–based romanization system.
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McCune-Reischauer romanization is one of the two most widely used Korean language romanization systems, along with the Revised Romanization of Korean, which replaced (a modified) McCune-Reischauer as the official romanization system in South Korea in 2000.
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The Goryeo Dynasty, established in 918, united the Later Three Kingdoms in 936 and ruled Korea until it was removed by the Joseon dynasty in 1392. Two of this period's most notable products are Goryeo pottery — the famous Korean celadon pottery — and the
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Joseon (July 1392 - August 1910) (also Chosŏn, Choson, Chosun), was a sovereign state founded by Taejo Yi Seong-gye in what is modern day Korea, and lasted for approximately five centuries as one of the world's longest running monarchies.
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yangban were a well educated scholarly class of male Confucian scholars who were part of the ruling elite within Korea prior to 1910 and the republics period of Korean history.
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gwageo (or kwago) were the national civil service examinations under the Goryeo and Joseon dynasties of Korea. Typically quite demanding, these tests measured candidates' knowledge of the Chinese classics, and sometimes also of technical subjects.
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Seowon were the most common educational institution of Korea during the mid- to late Joseon Dynasty. They were private institutions, and combined the functions of a Confucian shrine and a preparatory school.
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Seodang were private village schools providing elementary education during the Goryeo and Joseon dynasties of Korea. They were primarily occupied with providing intitial training in the Chinese classics to boys of 7-16 years of age, but often served students into their twenties.
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Education in the Joseon Dynasty of Korea was largely aimed at preparing students for government service. The ultimate goal of most students was successful passage of the state examinations, known as gwageo.
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This is a list of articles on Korea-related people, places, things, and concepts. For help on how to use this list, see the introduction below.

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history of Korea stretches from Lower Paleolithic times to the present.[1] The earliest known Korean pottery dates to around 8000 BCE, and the Neolithic period began before 6000 BCE, followed by the Bronze Age around 2500 BCE.
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