inventors

An inventor is a person who creates or discovers new methods, means, or devices for performing a task. The word "inventor" comes form the latin verb invenire, invent-, to find.[1][2] Though most commonly used to specifically describe those who have been granted a patent (see inventor (patent)), casual usage generally encompases those performing creative acts in categories well beyond those recognized by governments in the grant of exclusionary rights.

Artistic and mathematical invention

An example of the formal patenting of an artist method/process is the patent by Yves Klein on a particular shade of blue.[3][4] This blue color is known as "Kleinian Blue" or International Klein Blue. Whether or not artistic invention in the general sense is formally recognizable, invention is an active part of the artist's vocabulary. An example is actor Paul Newman's statement of his reasons for retiring from acting, "You start to lose your memory, your confidence, your invention. So that's pretty much a closed book for me." [5]

Inventions in mathematics may be indelibly associated with a given person, such as Stirling's formula associated with James Stirling. Some philosophers of mathematics dispute the notion that mathematical objects may be "invented". They propose that mathematical objects exist independently of mathematicians as abstract objects, so that mathematicians can only "discover" them. In that sense, Stirling is the discoverer of the eponymous formula, not its inventor.

Distinguished from trademark or "-esque"

The association of a given artistic or mathematical product with a person (its "inventor") can be distinguished from discoveries which are recognizably typical or characteristic of the person's creations. Such characteristics are more similar to the formal concept of trademark than the formal concept of invention. This loose concept may be indicated by appending the person's name with the suffix "esque", e.g. "Rubenesque Woman Has Picassoesque Face".[6] The distinction between the "-esque" characteristic and trademark on an artist's name is subtle and has been litigated.

Formal sense

Inventorship is a key determination in establishing patent rights. The system of patents was established by to encourage inventors by granting limited-term, limited monopoly on inventions determined to be sufficiently novel, non-obvious, and useful. In the U.S. the intellectual property clause of the Constitution permits (but does not mandate) laws to be passed establishing patent and other intellectual property rights.

See also

References

External links

Latin}}} 
Official status
Official language of: Vatican City
Used for official purposes, but not spoken in everyday speech
Regulated by: Opus Fundatum Latinitas
Roman Catholic Church
Language codes
ISO 639-1: la
ISO 639-2: lat
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patent is a set of exclusive rights granted by a state to a patentee for a fixed period of time in exchange for a disclosure of an invention.

The procedure for granting patents, the requirements placed on the patentee and the extent of the exclusive rights vary widely
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In patent law, an inventor is the person, or persons in United States patent law, who contribute to the claims of a patentable invention. In some patent law frameworks however, such as in the European Patent Convention (EPC) and its case law, no explicit, accurate definition of
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Yves Klein (28 April 1928 - 6 June 1962) was a French artist and is considered an important figure in post-war European art. New York critics of Klein's time classify him as neo-Dada, but other critics, such as Thomas McEvilley in an essay submitted to Artforum in 1982, have since
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The International Klein Blue (IKB) is a deep blue hue first mixed by the French artist Yves Klein.

International Klein Blue (or IKB as it is known in art circles) was developed by French artist Yves Klein as part of his search for colors which best represented the
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Paul Newman

Paul Newman at Eugene McCarthy rally, 1968
Birth name Paul Leonard Newman
Born January 26 1925 (1925--) (age 82)
Shaker Heights, Ohio
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Stirling's approximation (or Stirling's formula) is an approximation for large factorials. It is named in honour of James Stirling.

The formula is written as


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For other persons with this same name, see James Stirling.


James Stirling (April 22, 1692–December 5, 1770) was a Scottish mathematician.
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Philosophy of mathematics is the branch of philosophy that studies the philosophical assumptions, foundations, and implications of mathematics.

Recurrent themes include:

* What are the sources of mathematical subject matter?

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abstract or concrete. Abstract objects are sometimes called abstracta (sing. abstractum) and concrete objects are sometimes called concreta (sing. concretum).
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eponym is the name of a person, whether real or fictitious, who has (or is thought to have) given rise to the name of a particular place, tribe, era, discovery, or other item. An eponymous person is the person referred to by the eponym.
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trademark or trade mark[1] is a distinctive sign or indicator of some kind which is used by an individual, business organization or other legal entity to uniquely identify the source of its products and/or services to consumers, and to distinguish its products or
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An invention is an object, process, or technique which displays an element of novelty. An invention may sometimes be based on earlier developments, collaborations or ideas, and the process of invention requires at least
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In patent law, an inventor is the person, or persons in United States patent law, who contribute to the claims of a patentable invention. In some patent law frameworks however, such as in the European Patent Convention (EPC) and its case law, no explicit, accurate definition of
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patent is a set of exclusive rights granted by a state to a patentee for a fixed period of time in exchange for a disclosure of an invention.

The procedure for granting patents, the requirements placed on the patentee and the extent of the exclusive rights vary widely
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monopoly (from Greek monos, one + polein, to sell) is defined as a persistent market situation where there is only one provider of a product or service, in other words a firm that has no competitors in its industry.
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Novelty is a patentability test, according to which an invention is not patentable if it was already known before the date of filing, or before the date of priority if a priority is claimed, of the patent application.
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The inventive step and non-obviousness reflect a same general patentability requirement present in most patent laws, according to which an invention should be sufficiently inventive — i.e., non-obvious — in order to be patented.
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In United States patent law, utility is a patentability requirement. Today, the utility requirement is the lowest bar and is easily met. Largely utility is used to prevent the patenting of inoperative devices such as perpetual motion machines.
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Article I, Section 8, Clause 8 of the United States Constitution, known as the Copyright Clause, the Copyright and Patent Clause, the Intellectual Property Clause and the Progressive Clause, empowers the United States Congress:
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United States of America

This article is part of the series:
United States Constitution

Original text of the Constitution
Preamble
Articles of the Constitution
I ∙ II ∙ III ∙ IV ∙ V ∙ VI ∙ VII
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Creativity techniques are heuristic methods to facilitate creativity in a person or a group of people. Generally, most creativity techniques use associations between the goal (or the problem), the current state (which may be an imperfect solution to the problem), and some stimulus
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This is a list of inventors.

See also: List of scientists, Timeline of invention, List of inventions named after people, List of inventors killed by their own inventions, and .
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engineer is someone who is trained or professionally engaged in a branch of engineering.[1] Engineers use technology, mathematics, and scientific knowledge to solve practical problems.
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This page contains links to lists of scientists.

For lists of different types of scientists, see:
  • List of anthropologists
  • List of astronomers
  • List of biologists
  • List of cartographers
  • List of chemists
  • List of computer scientists

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history of science and technology (HST) is a field of history which examines how humanity's understanding of the natural world (science) and ability to manipulate it (technology) have changed over the millennia.
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An inventor's notebook is used by inventors, scientists and engineers to record their ideas, invention process, experimental tests and results and observations. It is not a legal document but is valuable, if properly organized and maintained, since it can help establish dates of
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In patent law, an inventor is the person, or persons in United States patent law, who contribute to the claims of a patentable invention. In some patent law frameworks however, such as in the European Patent Convention (EPC) and its case law, no explicit, accurate definition of
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In several parts of the world, an Inventor's Day is celebrated.

Argentina

The Inventors' Day (Spanish: Día del Inventor) in Argentina has been celebrated since 1986 and is held yearly on September 29, the birthday of the inventor of the ballpoint pen, László
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Industrial design is an applied art whereby the aesthetics and usability of products may be improved for marketability and production. The role of an Industrial Designer is to create and execute design solutions towards problems of engineering, marketing, brand development and
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