Live oak

Live Oak may refer to:
  • The live oak, any of several types of oak trees that have evergreen foliage
Localities in the United States named after the live oak:
This article is about the tree. For places named Live Oak, see Live Oak.


Enlarge picture
Large Live oak, called the "Big Tree" found in Goose Island State Park in Rockport, Texas


Live oak or evergreen oak is a general term for a number of unrelated oaks in several different sections of the genus Quercus that happen to share the character of evergreen foliage.

The name live oak comes from the fact that evergreen oaks are still green and "live" in winter, when other oaks are dormant, leafless and "dead"-looking. The name is used mainly in North America, where evergreen oaks are widespread in warmer areas, along the Atlantic coast from Virginia to Florida, west along the Gulf Coast to Texas and across the southwest to California and southwest Oregon.

Evergreen oak species are also common in the warmer parts of Europe and Asia, and are included in this list for the sake of completeness. These species, although not having "live" in their common names in their countries of origin, are colloquially called live oaks when cultivated in North America.

When the term live oak is used in a specific rather than general sense, it most commonly refers to the Southern live oak (the first species so named), but can often refer to other species regionally.

The live oak is the official state tree of Georgia.

In Texas, a small grove of live oaks (Texas live oak or Southern live oak) is known as a mott.

Wood

Live oak was widely used in early American shipbuilding; the remarkable resilience of the live oak planking versus its European counterpart in part made the early American frigates so feared by enemy sailors. The live oak of USS Constitution repelled the shot of HMS Guerriere so effectively that one of her sailors was heard to shout, "Huzzah! Her sides are made of iron!" The ship was given the nickname, Old Ironsides. Live oak lumber is rarely used for furniture due to warping and twisting while drying. It is used in shipbuilding and tool handles for its strength, energy absorption, and density. Dry Southern live oak lumber has a specific gravity of 0.88, the highest of any North American hardwood.

Evergreen species in genus Quercus

  • Section Quercus. The white oaks. Europe, Asia, north Africa, North America. Styles short; acorns mature in 6 months, sweet or slightly bitter, inside of acorn shell hairless.
  • Quercus arizonica - Arizona white oak - southwestern North America
  • Quercus fusiformis - Texas live oak - south central North America
  • Quercus geminata - Sand live oak - southeastern North America
  • Quercus ilex - Holm oak - southern Europe
  • Quercus oblongifolia - Mexican blue oak - southwestern North America
  • Quercus polymorpha - Mexican white oak or Monterrey oak - Mexico
  • Quercus pungens - Sandpaper oak - south central North America
  • Quercus turbinella - Shrub live oak - southwestern North America
  • Quercus virginiana - Southern live oak - southeastern North America
  • Section Cerris. Europe, Asia, north Africa. Styles long; acorns mature in 18 months, very bitter, inside of acorn shell hairless or slightly hairy.
  • Quercus calliprinos - Palestine oak - western Asia
  • Quercus coccifera - Kermes oak - southern Europe
  • Quercus semecarpifolia - Himalayan oak - eastern Asia
  • Quercus suber - Cork oak - southwestern Europe
  • Section Protobalanus. Southwest USA, California coastal ranges & northwest Mexico. Styles short, acorns mature in 18 months, very bitter, inside of acorn shell woolly.
  • Quercus chrysolepis - Canyon live oak - southwestern North America, especially coastal ranges of California
  • Quercus palmeri - Palmer oak - southwestern North America
  • Quercus tomentella - Channel island oak - southwestern North America
  • Quercus vacciniifolia - Huckleberry oak - southwestern North America
  • Section Lobatae. The list of Quercus species|red oaks. North, Central & South America. Styles long, acorns mature in 18 months, very bitter, inside of acorn shell woolly.
  • Quercus agrifolia - Coast live oak - southwestern North America
  • Quercus canbyi - Canby oak - Mexico
  • Quercus emoryi - Emory oak - southwestern North America
  • Quercus humboldtii - South American Oak - northern South America
  • Quercus laurifolia - Laurel oak - southeastern U.S.
  • Quercus hypoleucoides - Silverleaf oak - southwestern North America
  • Quercus rhysophylla - Loquat-leaf oak - Mexico
  • Quercus wislizenii - Interior live oak - southwestern North America
See the list of Quercus species for a fuller listing of oaks including deciduous species.

See also

External links

Additional Photos

Motto
"In God We Trust"   (since 1956)
"E Pluribus Unum"   ("From Many, One"; Latin, traditional)
Anthem
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Live Oak, California
Location in Santa Cruz County and the state of California
Country United States
State California
Counties Santa Cruz
Area
 - CDP  3.
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Live Oak
Location in Sutter County and the state of California
Country United States of America
State California
County Sutter
Incorporated 1947
Government
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Live Oak, Florida
Location in Suwannee County and the state of Florida
Coordinates:
Country United States
State Florida
County Suwannee
Area
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Live Oak, Texas

Seal
Motto:
Location of Live Oak, Texas
Coordinates:
Country United States
State Texas
County Bexar
Area
 - City  4.
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Live Oak County is a county located in the U.S. state of Texas. In 2000, its population was 12,309. Its county seat is George West6.

Geography

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 2,794 km² (1,079 mi²).
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Pilz Pilsner
Big Bark Amber Lager Vienna lager
Pale Ale American Pale Ale
Hefe Weizen Hefeweizen
Liberation IPA India Pale Ale

Seasonal beers

Oaktoberfest Märzen
Old Tree Hugger Barleywine

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Quercus
L.

Species

See List of Quercus species

The term oak can be used as part of the common name of any of several hundred species of trees and shrubs in the genus Quercus
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evergreen plant is a plant that has leaves all year round. This contrasts with deciduous plants, which completely lose all their foliage for part of the year.

Leaf persistence in evergreen plants may vary from only a few months (with new leaves constantly being grown and old
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Winter is one of the four seasons of temperate zones. Almost all English-language calendars, going by astronomy, state that winter begins on the winter solstice, and ends on the spring equinox.
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North America is a continent [1] in the Earth's northern hemisphere and (chiefly) western hemisphere. It is bordered on the north by the Arctic Ocean, on the east by the North Atlantic Ocean, on the southeast by the Caribbean Sea, and on the south and west
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Atlantic Ocean is the second-largest of the world's oceanic divisions; with a total area of about 106.4 million square kilometres (41.1 million square miles), it covers approximately one-fifth of the Earth's surface.
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Commonwealth of Virginia

Flag of Virginia Seal
Nickname(s): Old Dominion, Mother of Presidents
Motto(s): Sic semper tyrannis

Official language(s) English

Capital Richmond
Largest city
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Gulf Coast region of the United States comprises the coasts of states which border the Gulf of Mexico. The states of Texas, Louisiana, Mississippi, Alabama, and Florida are known as the Gulf States. All Gulf States are located in the Southern region of the United States.
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State of Texas

Flag of Texas Seal
Nickname(s): Lone Star State
Motto(s): Friendship.
Before Statehood Known as
The Republic of Texas

Official language(s) No official language

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State of Oregon

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Nickname(s): Beaver State
Motto(s): Alis volat propriis

Official language(s) (none)[1]

Capital Salem
Largest city Portland

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Europe is one of the seven traditional continents of the Earth. Physically and geologically, Europe is the westernmost peninsula of Eurasia, west of Asia. Europe is bounded to the north by the Arctic Ocean, to the west by the Atlantic Ocean, to the south by the Mediterranean Sea,
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Asia is the world's largest and most populous continent. It covers 8.6% of the Earth's total surface area (or 29.4% of its land area) and, with almost 4 billion people, it contains more than 60% of the world's current human population.
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Q. virginiana

Binomial name
Quercus virginiana
Mill.

Southern live oak is an evergreen or nearly evergreen oak tree, Quercus virginiana, native to the southeastern United States.
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State of Texas

Flag of Texas Seal
Nickname(s): Lone Star State
Motto(s): Friendship.
Before Statehood Known as
The Republic of Texas

Official language(s) No official language

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grove is a small group of trees, such as a sequoia grove, or a small orchard planted for the cultivation of fruits or nuts. Other words for groups of trees include copse, thicket or spinney.
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Mott or motte is a term used in Texas for a copse or small grove of trees, particularly of live oaks where a tight group shares a root system. During a 2003 walking tour [1] of Prairie Chapel Ranch in Crawford, Texas, President George W.
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USS Constitution, known as "Old Ironsides," is a wooden-hulled, three-masted heavy frigate of the United States Navy. Named after the United States Constitution, she is the oldest commissioned ship afloat in the world.
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Two ships of the Royal Navy have been named HMS Guerriere.
  • The first Guerriere was a 74-gun third-rate ship of the line, originally the French ship Peuple Souverain, captured on 2 July 1798 at the Battle of the Nile.

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Q. virginiana

Binomial name
Quercus virginiana
Mill.

Southern live oak is an evergreen or nearly evergreen oak tree, Quercus virginiana, native to the southeastern United States.
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Genus Quercus

Section Quercus

The white oaks (synonym sect. Lepidobalanus). Europe, Asia, north Africa, North America. Styles short; acorns mature in 6 months, sweet or slightly bitter, inside of acorn shell hairless.
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Q. fusiformis

Binomial name
Quercus fusiformis

Quercus fusiformis, commonly known as Texas Live Oak, is an evergreen or nearly evergreen tree native to the southern United States.
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Q. ilex

Binomial name
Quercus ilex
L.

The Holm Oak (Quercus ilex), also called Holly Oak or Evergreen Oak, is a large evergreen oak native to the Mediterranean region.
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