medevac

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Airbus A310 MRTT MedEvac - Flying Hospital, German Air Force
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Sikorsky S-76 Civil Medevac helicopter on standby at Ottawa International Airport
A MEDEVAC is an abbreviation for "medical evacuation."

The term MEDEVAC is usually applied to a vehicle, plane, or helicopter used as an ambulance (sometimes called an "air ambulance"). This permits the rapid transport of seriously injured persons, particularly trauma patients, from the scene of the accident to the hospital. News accounts of such transportation often use the terms 'airlifted' or 'LifeFlighted', although MEDEVAC is a common term used by civilians as well. Most patients transported by MEDEVAC are taken to a specialized hospital known as a trauma center. MEDEVAC can be misconstrued, as it may not clarify as to whether ground or air assets are being utilized, and therefore it is best to make it clear during planning and communication.

The technique has its roots in the establishment of the Australian Royal Flying Doctor Service, which was established in 1928 to bring doctors to patients and patients to hospitals from the remote outback. Inevitably, the immense military potential of the practice was realized with the development of the helicopter. The U.S. Army pioneered this lifesaving technique during the Korean War. They established semi-permanent field hospitals immediately behind the front lines, which allowed wounded soldiers to receive complete medical treatment after only a short helicopter flight. This military tactic was popularized in the 1970s TV series M*A*S*H.

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HMMWV Windshield displaying MEDEVAC reporting procedures while on patrol in Iraq


In modern American military terminology, MEDEVAC is often differentiated from Casualty Evacuation, CASEVAC. In this context, MEDEVAC refers to the moving of a patient either from the point of injury, or a casualty collection point, to a medical facility or between the different levels of care with en route medical care whereas CASEVAC has limited or no en route care and medical equipment. CASEVAC is heavily utilized by the US Marine Corps and manned by US Navy Hospital Corpsman. The CASEVAC Helicopters are combat aircraft and will, as needed, land in 'hot zones' that MEDEVAC helicopters may not, due to hostile fire. Accordingly MEDEVAC aircraft are normally modified aircraft with lifesaving equipment on board as well as trained medical personnel as part of the aircrew. The aircraft are marked with the Red Cross/Crescent, and as such, covered by the Geneva Convention, thereby allowing the aircrew to only carry personal weapons. In the US Military, the MEDEVAC mission is performed primarily by the US Army.

In Australian military terminology, a MEDEVAC refers to the evacuation of an entire section for medical reasons while a CASEVAC refers to the evacuation of a small number of troops, usually just one.

The phrase 'Aeromedical evacuation' or AEROVAC is also used to refer to transportation of medical cases from one medical facility to another with a higher level of care, a particular skill set or in the case of combat to a safer environment, with the capability for sophisticated en route care (ventilators, etc). In the US Military, this is done primarily by the US Air Force to move patients out of the Combat Theater aboard fixed wing aircraft.

The First Civilian MEDEVAC in the United States was performed by the Maryland State Police Aviation Command in the late 1970's, a service they continue to offer today.

Private MEDEVACs are also frequently used to air-lift seriously ill or injured travelers out of countries with inadequate or non-existent medical facilities.

See also

abbreviation (from Latin brevis "short") is a shortened form of a word or phrase. Usually, but not always, it consists of a letter or group of letters taken from the word or phrase. For example, the word "abbreviation" can itself be represented by the abbreviation "abbr.
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Medicine is the science and "" of maintaining and/or restoring human health through the study, diagnosis, and treatment of patients. The term is derived from the Latin ars medicina meaning the art of healing.
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The casualty movement is the procedures used to move a casualty from the initial location (street, home, workplace, wilderness, battlefield) to the ambulance.

In wilderness or combat conditions, it may first be necessary to stabilize the patient prior to moving them to avoid
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Vehicles are non-living means of transport. They are most often man-made (e.g. bicycles, cars, motorcycles, trains, ships, and aircraft), although some other means of transport which are not made by man can also be called vehicles; examples include icebergs and floating tree trunks.
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fixed-wing aircraft is a heavier-than-air craft where movement of the wings in relation to the aircraft is not used to generate lift. The term is used to distinguish from rotary-wing aircraft, or ornithopters, where the movement of the wing surfaces relative to the aircraft
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helicopter is an aircraft which is lifted and propelled by one or more horizontal rotors, each rotor consisting of two or more rotor blades. Helicopters are classified as rotorcraft or rotary-wing aircraft to distinguish them from fixed-wing aircraft because the helicopter derives
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ambulance is a vehicle for transporting sick or injured people,[1]to, from or between places of treatment for an illness or injury. The term ambulance is used to describe a vehicle used to bring medical care to patients outside of the hospital and when appropriate, to
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air ambulance is an aircraft used for emergency medical assistance in situations where either a traditional ambulance cannot easily or quickly reach the scene or the patient needs to be repositioned at a distance where air transportation is most practical.
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Physical trauma refers to a physical injury. A trauma patient is someone who has suffered serious and life-threatening physical injury potentially resulting in secondary complications such as shock, respiratory failure and death.
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hospital is an institution for health care, often but not always providing for longer-term patient stays. Today, hospitals are usually funded by the state, health organizations (for profit or non-profit), health insurances or charities, including direct charitable donations.
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trauma center is a hospital equipped to perform as a casualty receiving station for the emergency medical services by providing the best possible medical care for traumatic injuries 24 hours a day, 365 days per year.
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Anthem
Advance Australia Fair [1]


Capital Canberra

Largest city Sydney
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Royal Flying Doctor Service of Australia (RFDS, informally known as The Flying Doctors) is an air ambulance service for those living in the remote inland areas of Australia.
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Military has two broad meanings. In its first sense, it refers to soldiers and soldiering. In its second sense, it refers to armed forces as a whole. Over the years, military units have come in all shapes and sizes.
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helicopter is an aircraft which is lifted and propelled by one or more horizontal rotors, each rotor consisting of two or more rotor blades. Helicopters are classified as rotorcraft or rotary-wing aircraft to distinguish them from fixed-wing aircraft because the helicopter derives
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The United States Army is the largest and oldest branch of the armed forces of the United States. Like all armies, it has the primary responsibility for land-based military operations.
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 United Nations:
 United Nations
 Australia
 Belgium
 Canada
 Colombia
 Ethiopia
 France
Greece
 Luxembourg
 Netherlands
 New Zealand
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South Africa
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Centuries: 19th century - 20th century - 21st century

1940s 1950s 1960s - 1970s - 1980s 1990s 2000s
1970 1971 1972 1973 1974
1975 1976 1977 1978 1979

- -
- The 1970s decade refers to the years from 1970 to 1979, also called
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M*A*S*H is an American television series developed by Larry Gelbart, inspired by the 1968 novel by Richard Hooker (penname for H. Richard Hornberger) and its sequels, but primarily by the 1970 film MASH, and influenced by the 1961 novel Catch-22.
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CASEVAC is a shorthand word that means "casualty evacuation". This can apply to injured soldiers or civilians, and is used to denote the emergency patient evacuation of injured people from a combat zone. CASEVAC can be done by both ground and air.
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Aeromedical Evacuation (AE) usually refers to specialized medical transportation units in the US Air Force. Within the US Air Force, AE is coordinated by Air Mobility Command located at Scott Air Force Base, Illinois.
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Motto
"In God We Trust"   (since 1956)
"E Pluribus Unum"   ("From Many, One"; Latin, traditional)
Anthem
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The Maryland State Police is the official state police force of the State of Maryland.

Overview of the Maryland State Police

The Field Operations Bureau comprises twenty-three (23) barracks within six (6) geographical troop areas.
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air ambulance is an aircraft used for emergency medical assistance in situations where either a traditional ambulance cannot easily or quickly reach the scene or the patient needs to be repositioned at a distance where air transportation is most practical.
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CASEVAC is a shorthand word that means "casualty evacuation". This can apply to injured soldiers or civilians, and is used to denote the emergency patient evacuation of injured people from a combat zone. CASEVAC can be done by both ground and air.
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The Shock Trauma Air Rescue Society (STARS) was formed in Calgary, Alberta, as a means of funding the purchase of the city's first medical evacuation helicopter (Air Ambulance). The Calgary base has been in operation since 1985.
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Medivac was an Australian television drama series that ran on Network Ten from 1996 to 1998. There were 48 episodes produced. Medivac is an abbreviation of the term medical evacuation. The series was also known as Adrenaline Junkies overseas.
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Anthem
Advance Australia Fair [1]


Capital Canberra

Largest city Sydney
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International SOS provides medical assistance, healthcare, security and risk management services to private organisations and governments. Founded in 1985 as AEA International, International SOS now has 5000 employees, and carries out approximately one million medical and security
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