seax

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Some Merovingian seaxes
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The remains of a seax together with a reconstructed replica
A Seax (also Hadseax, Sax, Seaxe, Scramaseax and Scramsax), was a type of Germanic single-edged knife.[1] Seax seem to have been used primarily as a tool but may also have been a weapon in extreme situations.<ref name="regia" >Levick, Ben (1991) & Williamson, Roland (1999). Regia Anglorum scramseax page. Retrieved 27 September 2005. They occur in a size range from 7.5cm to 75cm. The larger ones (langseax) were probably weapons, the smaller ones (hadseax) tools, intermediate sized ones serving a dual purpose.<ref name="regia" /> Wearing a seax may have been indicative of freemanship, much like the possession of a spear since only free men had the right to bear arms.<ref name="regia" /> The seax was worn in a horizontal sheath at the front of the belt.[2] Scram refers to food and seax to a blade (so, "food knife").<ref name="food" >Burton, Mark (2002). Milites deBec Equipment. Retrieved 27 September 2005.<ref name="regia" /> The Saxons may have derived their name from seax (the implement for which they were known) in much the same way that the Franks were named for their francisca.<ref name="food" /> The seax has a lasting symbolic impact in the English counties of Middlesex and Essex, which both feature three seaxes in their ceremonial emblem.

References

1. ^ Docherty, Frank. The Anglo Saxon Broken Back Seax. Retrieved 27 November 2005.
2. ^ Bagley, Michael S. (2004). Re-enactment events Seax page. Retrieved 16 September 2006.

See also

Reference in Culture

  • The scramasax is one of many knives in the GBA game Final Fantasy Tactics Advance.
  • In the epic poem Beowulf, the title character used a seax to nearly hack a dragon apart while it was dying.
  • character Anthony is given a scramasax for personal defense early in his chapter.

External links

Germanic peoples are a historical group of Indo-European-speaking peoples, originating in Northern Europe and identified by their use of the Germanic languages which diversified out of Common Germanic in the course of the Pre-Roman Iron Age.
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knife is a sharp-edged (single or double edged) instrument consisting of a thin blade used for cutting and fitted with a handle. The knife can be used as a tool or a weapon.
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tool or device is a piece of equipment which typically provides a mechanical advantage in accomplishing a physical task, or provides an ability that is not naturally available to the user of a tool. The most basic tools are simple machines.
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weapon is a tool used to injure, incapacitate, or kill an adversary.[1][2] Weapons may be used to attack and defend, and consequently also to threaten or protect. Metaphorically, anything used to damage (even psychologically) can be referred to as a weapon.
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weapon is a tool used to injure, incapacitate, or kill an adversary.[1][2] Weapons may be used to attack and defend, and consequently also to threaten or protect. Metaphorically, anything used to damage (even psychologically) can be referred to as a weapon.
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tool or device is a piece of equipment which typically provides a mechanical advantage in accomplishing a physical task, or provides an ability that is not naturally available to the user of a tool. The most basic tools are simple machines.
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Saxons or Saxon people were a confederation of Old Germanic tribes whose modern-day descendants in northern Germany are considered ethnic Germans while those in the eastern Netherlands are considered to be ethnic Dutch, those in modern Normandy, ethnic French, and those in
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The francisca or francesca is a throwing axe that was used as a weapon by the early Franks, among whom it was a characteristic national weapon until around the middle of the 8th century.
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Motto
Dieu et mon droit   (French)
"God and my right"
Anthem
No official anthem specific to England — the anthem of the United Kingdom is "God Save the Queen".
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Middlesex is one of the 39 historic counties of England being the second smallest (after Rutland). When county councils were introduced in England in 1889 part of Middlesex was used to form the County of London and the remainder formed the administrative county of Middlesex.
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Essex

Geography
Status Ceremonial & (smaller) Non-metropolitan county
Origin Historic
Region East of England
Area
- Total
- Admin. council
- Admin.
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The Thames scramasax is a 9th century weapon, recovered from the Thames at Battersea, London. It bears a Futhorc inscription. The row of 28 runes,

 f  u  Ã¾  o  r  c  ?  w  h  n  i  io  eo  p  x
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Swords of the Migration Period show a transition from the Germanic iron seax influenced by the Early Iron Age Celtic sword, to the the "Viking sword" type influenced by the Roman spatha, including the Romano-Germanic ring sword type.
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The spear together with the sword (longsax) and the shield was the main equipment of the early Germanic warriors. The pre-migration term reported by Tacitus is framea, who identifies it as "hasta"; The native term for "javelin, spear" was Old High German
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The francisca or francesca is a throwing axe that was used as a weapon by the early Franks, among whom it was a characteristic national weapon until around the middle of the 8th century.
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Kragehul I (DR 196 U) is a migration period lance-shaft found in Funen bearing the Elder Futhark inscription
ekerilazasugisalasmuhahaitegagagaginugahe[?]lija[?]hagal(a)wijubig?


The first part is read as

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Beowulf is an Old English heroic epic[1] poem of anonymous authorship whose dating is uncertain. Its creation is typically assigned by scholars either to the period 700–750 AD, or to the time of composition of the only manuscript, circa 1010.
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