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The Tepidarium (1881), by Sir Lawrence Alma-Tadema
The tepidarium was the warm (tepidus) bathroom of the Roman baths heated by a hypocaust or underfloor heating system.

There is an interesting example at Pompeii; this was covered with a semicircular barrel vault, decorated with reliefs in stucco, and round the room a series of square recesses or niches divided from one another by Telamones. The tepidarium in the Roman thermae was the great central hall round which all the other halls were grouped, and which gave the key to the plans of the thermae. It was probably the hall where the bathers first assembled prior to passing through the various hot baths (Caldaria) or taking the cold bath (Frigidarium) The tepidarium was decorated with the richest marbles and mosaics: it received its light through clerestory windows, on the sides, the front and the rear, and would seem to have been the hall in which the finest treasures of art were placed; thus in the thermae of Caracalla, the Farnese Hercules, and the Toro Farnese, the two gladiators, the sarcophagi of green basalt now in the Vatican, and numerous other treasures, were found during the excavations by Paul III in 1546, and transported to the Vatican and the museum at Naples.


balnea or thermae were the words the ancient Romans used for the buildings housing their public baths.

Most Roman cities had at least one, if not many, such buildings, which were centers of public bathing and socialization.
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hypocaust is an ancient Roman system of central heating. The word literally means "heat from below", from the Greek hypo meaning below or underneath, and kaiein, to burn or light a fire.
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Underfloor heating is a form of central heating which utilizes radiant heat for indoor climate control, rather than forced air heating which relies on convection. Heat can be provided by electric cables or circulating heated water.
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Pompeii is a ruined Roman city near modern Naples in the Italian region of Campania, in the territory of the comune of Pompei.

It, along with Herculaneum, was destroyed, and completely buried, during a catastrophic eruption of the volcano Mount Vesuvius spanning two days on
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Barrel vault, also known as a tunnel vault or a wagon vault, is an architectural element formed by the extrusion of a single curve (or pair of curves, in the case of a pointed barrel vault) along a given distance.
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A relief is a sculptured artwork where a modeled form projects out from a flat background.

Reliefs are a common type of artwork found throughout the world, particularly to decorate monumental buildings, such as temples.
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Stucco is a material made of an aggregate, a binder, and water which is applied wet, and hardens when it dries. It is used as a coating for walls and ceilings and for decoration. In Europe the term render is more commonly used.
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A caryatid (Greek: Καρυάτις, plural: Καρυάτιδες
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Caldarium (also called a Calidarium, Cella Caldaria or Cella Coctilium) was a room with a hot plunge bath, used in a Roman bath complex.

This was a very hot and steamy room heated by a hypocaust, an underfloor heating system.
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frigidarium is a large cold pool to drop into after enjoying a hot Roman bath. The Caldarium and the Tepidarium opened the pores of the skin. The cold water would close the pores. There would be a small pool of cold water or sometimes a large Swimming pool.
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Clerestory (IPA: /ˈklɪrstɔəri/ lit. clear storey, also clearstory, clearstorey, or overstorey
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Baths of Caracalla were Roman public baths, or thermae, built in Rome between 212 and 216 AD, during the reign of the Emperor Caracalla. The extensive ruins of the baths have become a popular tourist attraction.
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Emperor of the Roman Empire

Reign 198 - 209 (with Severus);
209 - February 4 211
(with Severus & Geta);
February - December 211
(with Geta);
December 211 - 8 April 217 (alone)
Full name
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Farnese Hercules is an ancient sculpture, probably an enlarged copy made in the early third century AD by Glykon[1] of an original of Lysippos or one of his circle, of the fourth century BC.
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Inno e Marcia Pontificale   (Italian)
Hymn and Pontifical March
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Pope Paul III (February 29, 1468 – November 10, 1549), born Alessandro Farnese, was Pope of the Roman Catholic Church from 1534 to his death 1549. He also called the Council of Trent in 1545.
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15th century - 16th century - 17th century
1510s  1520s  1530s  - 1540s -  1550s  1560s  1570s
1543 1544 1545 - 1546 - 1547 1548 1549

Subjects:     Archaeology - Architecture -
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museum is a "permanent institution in the service of society and of its development, open to the public, which acquires, conserves, researches, communicates and exhibits, for purposes of study, education, enjoyment, the tangible and intangible
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Comune di Napoli

Location of the city of Naples (red dot) within Italy.
Region Campania
Province Province of Naples
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