upasampada

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Upasampadā (Pali) literally means "undertaking" and, specifically, refers to the ordination rite by which one undertakes the Buddhist monastic life.[1]

According to Buddhist monastic codes (Vinaya), a person must be 20 years old in order to become a monk or nun. A person under the age of 20 cannot ordain as a monk (bhikkhu) or nun (bhikkhuni), but can ordain as a novice (m. samanera, f. samaneri). (For how a layperson becomes a novice, see the pabbajja or "lower ordination.") After a year or at the age of 20, a novice will be considered for the higher upasampada ordination enabling them to become a bhikkhu or bhikkhuni.[2]

Some monasteries will require people who want to ordain as a monk to be a novice for a set period of time, as a period of preparation and familiarization.

The issue of ordination is different for samaneras and samaneris; the rules governing higher ordination are different for samaneras and samaneris.

In Theravada countries the Upasampada ceremony is performed in a structure called a Sima (Sima malaka), surrounded by water, and has to be attended by a specified number of senior monks with an unbroken upasampada succession from Teacher to pupil.

See also

Notes

1. ^ Rhys Davids & Stede (1921-25), p. 147, article on "Upasampadā" (retrieved 26 Sep 2007 at [1]
2. ^ Encyclopædia Britannica (2007).

Source

Buddhism is often described as a religion[1] and a collection of various philosophies, based initially on the teachings of Siddhartha Gautama, known as Gautama Buddha.
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The History of Buddhism spans from the 6th century BCE to the present, starting with the birth of the Buddha Siddhartha Gautama. This makes it one of the oldest religions practiced today.
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A number of noted individuals have been Buddhists.

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subject of this article may not satisfy the notability guideline for Music. If you are familiar with the subject matter, please expand or rewrite the article to establish its notability.
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Buddhism is often described as a religion[1] and a collection of various philosophies, based initially on the teachings of Siddhartha Gautama, known as Gautama Buddha.
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A Bhikkhu (Pāli) or Bhiksu (Sanskrit) is a fully ordained male Buddhist monastic. Female monastics are called Bhikkhunis. Bhikkhus and Bhikkhunis keep many precepts: they live by the vinaya's framework of monastic discipline, the basic rules of which are called the
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The Vinaya (a word in Pāli as well as in Sanskrit, with literal meaning 'leading out', 'education', 'discipline') is the regulatory framework for the Buddhist monastic community, or sangha, based in the canonical texts called Vinaya Pitaka.
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A Bhikkhu (Pāli) or Bhiksu (Sanskrit) is a fully ordained male Buddhist monastic. Female monastics are called Bhikkhunis. Bhikkhus and Bhikkhunis keep many precepts: they live by the vinaya's framework of monastic discipline, the basic rules of which are called the
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Bhikkhuni (Bhikṣuṇī (Sanskrit) ,
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In Buddhist context, a samanera (Pali, Sanskrit: śrāmaṇera
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A samaneri (Pāli language) is novice Buddhist nun, who lives according to the ten precepts. Male novices are called samaneras. A young woman is to be ordained, according to Theravada tradition, by both a monk and a nun, first as a samaneri.
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Theravada (Pāli: theravāda; Sanskrit: स्थविरवाद sthaviravāda; literally, "the Way of the Elders") is the oldest surviving Buddhist school, and for many centuries has been the predominant
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Pabbajja (Pali; Skt.: pravrajya) literally means "to wander forth" and is a Buddhist rite whereby a layperson is ordained as a novice (m. samanera, f. samaneri). It is also known as the "lower ordination.
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A Bhikkhu (Pāli) or Bhiksu (Sanskrit) is a fully ordained male Buddhist monastic. Female monastics are called Bhikkhunis. Bhikkhus and Bhikkhunis keep many precepts: they live by the vinaya's framework of monastic discipline, the basic rules of which are called the
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Bhikkhuni (Bhikṣuṇī (Sanskrit) ,
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Thomas William Rhys Davids (May 12, 1843 - December 27, 1922) was a British scholar of the Pāli language and founder of the Pali Text Society.

Life

Thomas William Rhys Davids was born in Colchester, the eldest son of a Welsh Congregational minister who was
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