The Allied leaders of the European theatre (left to right): Joseph Stalin, Franklin D. Roosevelt and Winston Churchill meeting at the Tehran Conference in 1943 The Allied leaders of the Asian and Pacific Theater: Generalissimo Chiang Kai-shek, Franklin D. Roosevelt, and Winston Churchill meeting at the Cairo Conference in 1943
The Allies, later known formally as the United Nations, were an international military coalition formed during the Second World War (1939–1945) to oppose the Axis powers, led by Nazi Germany, the Empire of Japan, and Fascist Italy. Its principal members by 1941 were the United Kingdom, United States, Soviet Union, and China.
Membership in the Allies varied during the course of the war. When the conflict broke out on 1 September 1939, the Allied coalition consisted of Poland, the United Kingdom, and France, as well as their respective dependencies, such as British India. They were soon joined by the independent Dominions of the British Commonwealth: Canada, Australia, New Zealand and South Africa. Consequently, the initial alliance largely resembled that of the First World War.
As Axis forces began invading northern Europe and the Balkans, the Allies added Netherlands, Belgium, Norway, Greece, and Yugoslavia. The Soviet Union, which had a nonaggression pact with Germany and joined in its invasion of Polan... ...read more