Ancient Canaanite religion

Ancient Canaanite religion, Group of ancient Semitic religions practiced by the Canaanites.

Ancient Canaanite religion image

Group of ancient Semitic religions practiced by the Canaanites The land of Canaan, which comprises the modern regions of Israel, Palestine, Lebanon, Jordan and Syria. At the time when Canaanite religion was practiced, Canaan was divided into various city-states.

Canaanite religion refers to the group of ancient Semitic religions practiced by the Canaanites living in the ancient Levant from at least the early Bronze Age through the first centuries of the Common Era. Canaanite religion was polytheistic, and in some cases monolatristic.




Ba'al with raised arm, 14th–12th century BCE, found at Ras Shamra (ancient Ugarit), Louvre

A great number of deities in a four-tier hierarchy headed by El and Asherah were worshiped by the followers of the Canaanite religion; this is a detailed listing:

  • Aglibol, god of the moon and brother of Malakbel. Part of a trio of gods of Palmyra, Syria along with Bel and Yarhibol. Also part of another trio with Baalshamin and Malakbel.
  • Anat, virgin goddess of war and strife, sister and putative mate of Ba'al Hadad.
  • Arsay, goddess of the underworld, one of the three daughters of Ba'al Hadad.
  • Arsu, god of the evening star and twin brother of Azizos.
  • Ashtar-Chemosh, wife of Chemosh and goddess of the Moabites.
  • Asherah, queen consort of El (Ugaritic religion), more
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