Aurochs, extinct species of large cattle that inhabited Asia, Europe, and North Africa.
The aurochs ( or ; pl. aurochs, or rarely aurochsen, aurochses) (Bos primigenius), also known as urus or ure, is a species of large wild cattle that inhabits and inhabited Asia, Europe, and North Africa. While the wild subspecies, including the nominal subspecies Bos primigenius primigenius is extinct, extant domestic cattle are considered subspecies of aurochs. Further discussion and use of the term "aurochs" in this article is, for simplicity, referring only to the extinct wild subspecies unless otherwise specified. Bos primigenius primigenius survived in Europe until 1627, when the last recorded aurochs died in the Jaktorów Forest in Poland.
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