Ayyubid dynasty

Ayyubid dynasty, Kurdish Muslim dynasty, founded by Saladin and centered in Egypt (1171-1341).

Ayyubid dynasty image

The Ayyubid dynasty (Arabic: الأيوبيون‎ al-Ayyūbīyūn; Kurdish: ئەیووبیەکان Eyûbiyan) was a Sunni Muslim dynasty of Kurdish origin, founded by Saladin and centered in Egypt, ruling over the Levant, Mesopotamia, Hijaz, Nubia and parts of the Maghreb. The dynasty ruled large parts of the Middle East during the 12th–13th and 14th centuries. Saladin had risen to vizier of Fatimid Egypt in 1169, before abolishing the Fatimid Caliphate in 1171. Three years later, he was proclaimed sultan following the death of his former master, the Zengid ruler Nur al-Din and established himself as the first custodian of the two holy mosques. For the next decade, the Ayyubids launched conquests throughout the region and by 1183, their domains encompassed Egypt, Syria, Upper Mesopotamia, the Hejaz, Yemen and the North African coast up to the borders of modern-day Tunisia.

List of Kurdish dynasties and countries
4 months ago

List of Kurdish dynasties and countries ... after the disestablishment of the Ayyubid dynasty in 1260. Some of these rulers claimed descent from the Ayyubids. Principality of Donboli (1210–1799)...

Sultan of Egypt
6 months ago

Sultan of Egypt ... status held by the rulers of Egypt after the establishment of the Ayyubid dynasty of Saladin in 1174 until the Ottoman conquest of Egypt in 1517. Though...

Bahri dynasty
6 months ago

Bahri dynasty ... from 1250 to 1382. They followed the Ayyubid dynasty, and were succeeded by a second Mamluk dynasty, the Burji dynasty. Their name "Bahriyya" means 'of the...

Fatimid Caliphate
6 months ago

Fatimid Caliphate ... rapidly, and in 1171, Saladin invaded its territory. He founded the Ayyubid dynasty and incorporated the Fatimid state into the nominal sphere of authority...

List of Ayyubid rulers
5 months ago

List of Ayyubid rulers ... The Ayyubid dynasty ruled many parts of the Middle East and North Africa in the 12th, 13th and 14th centuries. The following is a list of Ayyubid rulers...

List of Muslim states and dynasties
4 months ago

List of Muslim states and dynasties ... Safavid dynasty (1502–1736) Afsharid dynasty (1736–1796) Zand dynasty (1751–1794) Qajar dynasty (1789–1925) Pahlavi dynasty (1925–1979) Ayyubid dynasty (1171–1341...

Mamluk Sultanate (Cairo)
6 months ago

Mamluk Sultanate (Cairo) ... established itself as a caliphate. It lasted from the overthrow of the Ayyubid dynasty until the Ottoman conquest of Egypt in 1517. Historians have traditionally...

Al-Azhar Mosque
5 months ago

Al-Azhar Mosque ... was founded as a Shiite Ismaili institution, Saladin and the Sunni Ayyubid dynasty that he founded shunned al-Azhar, removing its status as a congregational...

History of Islam
6 months ago

History of Islam ... Christendom and being targets of the Mamluks and the Mongols. The Ayyubid dynasty was founded by Saladin and centered in Egypt. In 1174, Saladin proclaimed...

List of rulers of Aleppo
4 months ago

List of rulers of Aleppo ... kings of Armi, followed by the Amorite dynasty of Yamhad. Muslim rule of the city ended with the Ayyubid dynasty which was ousted by the Mongol conquest...

Rasulid dynasty
4 months ago
Islamization of Jerusalem
3 months ago
List of time periods
5 months ago
Kurds
5 months ago
Shajar al-Durr
4 months ago
Late Period of ancient Egypt
4 months ago
Kurds in Palestine
1 month ago
History of Egypt
5 months ago
Saladin
6 months ago
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