Balochistan (/bəˈlɒtʃɪstɑːn/; Balochi: بلوچِستان; also romanised as Baluchistan) is an arid desert and mountainous region in South and Western Asia. It comprises the Pakistani province of Balochistan, the Iranian province of Sistan and Baluchestan, and the southern areas of Afghanistan, including Nimruz, Helmand and Kandahar provinces. Balochistan borders the Pashtunistan region to the north, Sindh and Punjab to the east, and Persian regions to the west. South of its southern coastline, including the Makran Coast, are the Arabian Sea and the Gulf of Oman.
- 1 Etymology
- 2 History
- 3 Governance and political disputes
- 4 Music
- 5 See also
- 6 References
- 7 Bibliography
- 8 Further reading
- 9 External links
EtymologyDistribution of Pakistanis who spoke either Balochi or Brahui as a first language at the time of the 1998 census of Pakistan
The name "Balochistan" is generally believed to derive from the name of the Baloch people. The Baloch people are not mentioned in pre-Islamic sources. It is likely that the Baloch were known by some other name in their place of origin and that they acquired the name "Baloch" after arriving in Balochistan sometime in the 10th century.
Johan Hansman relates the term "Baloch" to Meluḫḫa, the name by which the Indus Valley Civilisation is believed to have been known to the Sumerians (2900–2350 BC) and Akkadians (2334–2154 BC) in Mesopotamia....read more