Counter-Reformation

Counter-Reformation, Catholic political and religious response to the Protestant Reformation.

Counter-Reformation image

The Counter-Reformation (Latin: Contrareformatio), also called the Catholic Reformation (Latin: Reformatio Catholica) or the Catholic Revival, was the period of Catholic resurgence that was initiated in response to the Protestant Reformation. It began with the Council of Trent (1545–1563) and largely ended with the conclusion of the European wars of religion in 1648. Initiated to address the effects of the Protestant Reformation, the Counter-Reformation was a comprehensive effort composed of apologetic and polemical documents and ecclesiastical configuration as decreed by the Council of Trent. The last of these included the efforts of Imperial Diets of the Holy Roman Empire, exiling/forcibly converting Protestant populations, heresy trials and the Inquisition, anti-corruption efforts, spiritual movements, and the founding of new religious orders. Such policies had long-lasting effects in European history with exiles of Protestants continuing until the 1781 Patent of Toleration, although smaller expulsions took place in the 19th century.Such reforms included the foundation of seminaries for the proper training of priests in the spiritual life and the theological traditions of the Church, the reform of religious life by returning orders to their spiritual foundations, and new spiritual movements focusing on the devotional life and a personal relationship with Christ, including the Spanish mystics and the French school of spirituality.It also involved political activities that included the Spanish Inquisition and the expulsion or forcible conversion of hundreds of thousands of Protestants.

Art in the Protestant Reformation and Counter-Reformation
4 months ago

Art in the Protestant Reformation and Counter-Reformation ... fully accepting secular images in their homes. In turn, the Catholic Counter-Reformation both reacted against and responded to Protestant criticisms of art...

Reformation
6 months ago

Reformation ... The Reformation (alternatively named the Protestant Reformation or the European Reformation) was a major movement within Western Christianity in 16th-century...

Counter-Reformation in Poland
5 months ago

Counter-Reformation in Poland ... State-led intervention in poland refers to the response (Counter-Reformation) of Catholic Church in Poland (more precisely, the Kingdom of Poland until...

Protestantism
5 months ago

Protestantism ... 16th-century Reformation, a movement against what its followers perceived to be errors in the Catholic Church. Protestants originating in the Reformation reject...

History of Christianity
5 months ago

History of Christianity ... Hutterites and the Mennonites. The Counter-Reformation was the response of the Catholic Church to the Protestant Reformation. In terms of meetings and documents...

Antichrist
4 months ago

Antichrist ... conservative Lutheran Churches and the Seventh-day Adventists. In the Counter-Reformation, the views of Preterism and Futurism were advanced by Catholic Jesuits...

Mary Magdalene
5 months ago

Mary Magdalene ... controversy in the years leading up to the Reformation and some Protestant leaders rejected it. During the Counter-Reformation, the Catholic Church emphasized Mary...

Christian mysticism
6 months ago

Christian mysticism ... (Calvinist), and Jakob Böhme (Lutheran). But the Reformation brought about the Counter-Reformation and, with it, a new flowering of mystical literature...

Benedetta Carlini
4 months ago

Benedetta Carlini ... Carlini (1591–1661) was a Catholic mystic and lesbian nun who lived in counter-reformation Italy. As abbess of the Convent of the Mother of God, at Pescia,...

Religion in Germany
5 months ago

Religion in Germany ... Augsburg (1530), a separate Lutheran church emerged. From 1545 the Counter-Reformation began in Germany. Much of its impetus came from the newly founded...

Christianity in the 16th century
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History of Protestantism
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Lutheranism
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Reformation in Sweden
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Christianity
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Early modern period
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History of the Catholic Church
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League for Catholic Counter-Reformation
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Mary I of England
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