Crisis of the Late Middle Ages

Citizens of Tournai (Belgium) bury plague victims Ruins of Beckov Castle in Slovakia

The Crisis of the Late Middle Ages was a series of events in the fourteenth and fifteenth centuries that ended centuries of European stability. Three major crises led to radical changes in all areas of society: demographic collapse, political instabilities and religious upheavals.

The Great Famine of 1315–17 and Black Death of 1347-1351 reduced the population perhaps by half or more as the Medieval Warm Period came to a close and the first century of the Little Ice Age began. It took until 1500 for the European population to regain the levels of 1300. Popular revolts in late-medieval Europe and civil wars between nobles such as the Wars of the Roses were common—with France fighting internally nine times—and there were international conflicts between kings such as France and England in the Hundred Years' War.

The unity of the Roman Catholic Church was shattered by the Western Schism. The Holy Roman Empire was also in decline; in the aftermath of the Great Interregnum (1247–1273), the Empire lost cohesion and politically the separate dynasties of the various German states became more important than their common empire.

Contents

Historiography

The expression "Crisis of the Late Middle Ages" is commonly used in western historiography, especially in English and German, and somewhat less among other western European scholarship to refer individually or collectively to different crises besetting Europe in the 14th and 15th centuries. The expression often carries a modifier to refer more specifically to one or another aspect of Late Middle Age crisis, such as the... ...read more

Late Middle Ages
4 months ago

Late Middle Ages ... The Late Middle Ages or Late Medieval Period was the period of European history lasting from AD 1250 to 1500. The Late Middle Ages followed the High Middle...

Medieval demography
4 months ago

Medieval demography ... demography is the study of human demography in Europe and the Mediterranean during the Middle Ages. It estimates and seeks to explain the number of people who...

High Middle Ages
4 months ago

High Middle Ages ... around AD 1000 to 1250. The High Middle Ages were preceded by the Early Middle Ages and were followed by the Late Middle Ages, which ended around AD 1500...

England in the Late Middle Ages
4 months ago

England in the Late Middle Ages ... in the Late Middle Ages concerns the history of England during the Late Middle Ages, from the thirteenth century, the end of the Angevins, and the accession...

Spain in the Middle Ages
4 months ago

Spain in the Middle Ages ... tracts of land conquered or to be conquered from the Muslim south. The Middle Ages in Spain are often said to end in 1492 with the final acts of the Reconquista...

Scotland in the Late Middle Ages
3 months ago

Scotland in the Late Middle Ages ... Scotland in the Late Middle Ages, between the deaths of Alexander III in 1286 and James IV in 1513, established its independence from England under figures...

The General Crisis
3 months ago

The General Crisis ... Ice Age Crisis of the Late Middle Ages - another period of widespread social upheaval and rapid demographic shifts Medieval Warm Period - a period of relatively...

Renaissance
4 months ago

Renaissance ... marking the transition from the Middle Ages to modernity and covering the 15th and 16th centuries. It occurred after the Crisis of the Late Middle Ages and...

Popular revolts in late-medieval Europe
3 months ago

Popular revolts in late-medieval Europe ... abbots and kings during the upheavals of the 14th through early 16th centuries, part of a larger "Crisis of the Late Middle Ages". Although sometimes known...

Middle Ages
4 weeks ago

Middle Ages ... the history of Europe, the Middle Ages or medieval period lasted approximately from the 5th to the late 15th centuries. It began with the fall of the...

Italy in the Middle Ages
4 months ago
Duchy of Bohemia
5 months ago
Outline of the Middle Ages
3 months ago
Medieval art
4 months ago
Black Death
4 months ago
Romania in the Middle Ages
5 months ago
England in the Middle Ages
5 months ago
European science in the Middle Ages
2 months ago
Midlife crisis
4 months ago
This article is copied from an article on Wikipedia® - the free encyclopedia created and edited by its online user community. This article is distributed under the terms of GNU Free Documentation License.