Echo chamber (media)

Situation that reinforces beliefs by repetition inside a closed system An echo chamber is "an environment where a person only encounters information or opinions that reflect and reinforce their own."

In discussions of news media, an echo chamber refers to situations in which beliefs are amplified or reinforced by communication and repetition inside a closed system and insulated from rebuttal. By participating in an echo chamber, people are able to seek out information that reinforces their existing views without encountering opposing views, potentially resulting in an unintended exercise in confirmation bias. Echo chambers may increase social and political polarization and extremism. The term is a metaphor based on an acoustic echo chamber, in which sounds reverberate in a hollow enclosure. Another emerging term for this echoing and homogenizing effect within social media communities on the Internet is cultural tribalism. Many scholars note the effects that echo chambers can have on citizens' stances and viewpoints, and specifically implications has for politics. However, some studies have suggested that the effects of echo chambers are weaker than often assumed.



The Internet has expanded the variety and amount of accessible political information. On the positive side, this may create a more pluralistic form of public debate; on the negative side, greater access to information may lead to selective exposure to ideologically supportive channels. In an extreme "echo chamber", one purveyor of information will make a claim, which many like-minded people then repeat, overhear, and repeat again (often in an exaggerated or otherwise distorted form) until most people assume that some extreme variation of the story is true.

The echo chamber effect occurs online when a harmonious group of people amalgamate and develop tunnel vision. Participants in online discussions may find their opinions constantly echoed back to them, which reinforces their individual belief systems due to the declining exposure to other's opinions. Their... more

Echo Chamber (disambiguation)
1 day ago

Echo Chamber (disambiguation) ... Echo Chamber may refer to: Echo chamber, a type of chamber for enhanced sound reflection Echo chamber (media), the self/re-amplification of ideas Ace Tone...

Melody's Echo Chamber
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Melody's Echo Chamber ... Melody's Echo Chamber is the main project of French musician Melody Prochet. When Melody Prochet's previous project My Bee's Garden supported Tame Impala...

Melody's Echo Chamber (album)
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Melody's Echo Chamber (album) ... Melody's Echo Chamber is the eponymous debut studio album by the French psychedelic pop band Melody's Echo Chamber. It was released on 25 September 2012 on...

Mass media
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Mass media ... History of journalism Media bias Media echo chamber Media regulation Media-system dependency Mediatization (media) News media Newspapers History of Newspapers...

Google's Ideological Echo Chamber
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Google's Ideological Echo Chamber ... "Google's Ideological Echo Chamber", commonly referred to as the Google memo, is an internal memo, dated July 2017, by US-based Google engineer James Damore...

Media studies
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Media studies ... media effects Media culture Media echo chamber Media ecology Media literacy Media psychology Media-system dependency Mediatization (media) Narcotizing...

Snowflake (slang)
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Snowflake (slang) ... snowflakes". Ageism Counterculture Cuckservative Exceptionalism Echo chamber (media) Feminist separatism Generation gap Generationism Grandiosity Identity...

Narcissistic personality disorder
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Narcissistic personality disorder ... Psychiatry portal Authoritarian personality Brian Blackwell (case study) Echo chamber (media) Egomania Egotism Hubris Narcissistic abuse Narcissistic leadership...

4 days ago

Stereotype ... illustrated with examples from literature and media. Stereotypes are common in various cultural media, where they take the form of dramatic stock characters...

2 months ago

Sensationalism ... down Echo chamber (media) Exploitation film Fake News Infotainment Jazz journalism Junk food news Loaded words Man bites dog Mean world syndrome Media bias...

The Echo Chamber
4 months ago
Confirmation bias
1 month ago
Systemic bias
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Opinion corridor
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Anechoic chamber
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Online segregation
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RJ Thompson
1 month ago
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