Ethnic groups in Pakistan

Overview of the ethnic groups of Pakistan

The major ethnic groups of Pakistan include Punjabis, Pashtuns, Sindhis, Saraikis, Muhajirs, Baloch, Paharis, Hindkowans, and other smaller groups. Smaller ethnic groups found throughout the nation include Kashmiris, Kalash, Chitralis, Siddi, Burkusho, Wakhis, Khowar, Hazara, Shina, and Baltis.

Pakistan's census does not include the 1.7 million refugees from Afghanistan mainly found in Khyber Pakhtunkhwa (KP), with significant populations in the cities of Karachi and Quetta. Most of these Afghan refugees were born in Pakistan within the last 30 years and are ethnic Pashtuns, Tajiks, Uzbeks, Baloch, and Turkmen.

Ethnicity in Pakistan (2020)

::Punjabis (44.7%)::Pashtuns (15.4%)::Sindhis (14.1%)::Saraikis (8.4%)::Muhajirs (9.6%)::Balochis (3.6%)::Others (6.3%)


Major ethnic groups

Ethnolinguistic groups of Pakistan in 1998 Bar Graph of Ethnic Groups by Region Bar Graph of Ethnic Groups in Urban Pakistan


Main articles: Punjabis; Punjab, Pakistan; and Punjabi language more
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