Structured form of playThis article is about all types of games in general. For games played on a consumer electronic, see Video game. For other uses, see Game (disambiguation).

Ancient Egyptian ivory game board in the exhibition of Tutankhamun's treasure in Paris (2019) Ancient Egyptian gaming board inscribed for Amenhotep III with separate sliding drawer, from 1390 to 1353:BC, made of glazed faience, dimensions: 5.5 × 7.7 × 21:cm, in the Brooklyn Museum (New York City) The oldest full deck of playing cards known, the Flemish Hunting Deck, c. 1475–1480, paper with pen, ink, opaque paint, glazes, applied silver and gold, in the Metropolitan Museum of Art from New York City Children's Games, 1560, Pieter Bruegel the Elder Gaming table, circa 1735, wood and ivory marquetry, overall: 78.7 x 94 x 54.6 cm, Cleveland Museum of Art (Cleveland, Ohio, US) The Card Players, an 1895 painting by Paul Cézanne depicting a card game, in Courtauld Institute of Art (London)

A game is a structured form of play, usually undertaken for entertainment or fun, and sometimes used as an educational tool. Games are distinct from work, which is usually carried out for remuneration, and from art, which is more often an expression of aesthetic or ideological elements. However, the distinction is not clear-cut, and many games are also considered to be work (such as professional players of spectator sports or games) or art (such as jigsaw puzzles or games involving an artistic layout such as Mahjong, solitaire, or some video games).

Games are sometimes played purely for enjoyment, sometimes for achievement or reward as well. They can be played alone, in teams, or online; by amateurs or by professionals. The players may have an audience of non-players, such as when people are entertained by watching a chess championship. On the other hand, players in a game may constitute their own audience as they take their turn to play. Often, part of the entertainment for children playing a game is deciding who is part of their audience and who is a player.

Key components of games are goals, rules, challenge, and interaction. Games generally involve mental or physical stimulation, and often both. Many games help develop practical skills, serve as a form of exercise, or otherwise perform an educational, simulational, or psychological role.

Attested as early as 2600 BC, games are a universal part of human experience and present in all cultures. The Royal Game of Ur, Senet, and Mancala are some of the oldest known games.


  • 1 Definitions
    • 1.1 Ludwig Wittgenstein
    • 1.2 Roger Caillois
    • 1.3 Chris Crawford
    • 1.4 Other definitions
  • 2 Gameplay elements and classification
    • 2.1 Tools
    • 2.2 Rules and aims
    • 2.3 Skill, strategy, and chance
    • 2.4 Single-player games
    • 2.5 Multiplayer games
      • 2.5.1 Game theory
  • 3 Types
    • 3.1 Sports
      • 3.1.1 Lawn games
    • 3.2 Tabletop games
      • 3.2.1 Dexterity and coordination games
      • 3.2.2 Board games
      • 3.2.3 Card games
      • 3.2.4 Dice games
      • 3.2.5 Domino and tile games
      • 3.2.6 Pencil and paper games
      • 3.2.7 Guessing games
    • 3.3 Video games
      • 3.3.1 Online games
    • 3.4 Role-playing games
    • 3.5 Business games
    • 3.6 Simulation
  • 4 See also
  • 5 References
  • 6 Further reading


Ludwig Wittgenstein

Ludwig Wittgenstein was probably the first academic philosopher to address the definition of the word game. In his Philosophical Investigations, Wittgenstein argued that the elements of games, such as play, rules, and competition, all fail to adequately define what games are. From this, Wittgenstein concluded that people apply the ter... more

Game (disambiguation)
3 months ago

Game (disambiguation) ... A game is a recreational activity with a set of rules. Game or games may also refer to: Philip Game (1876–1961), British military leader and Governor...

The Game (mind game)
4 months ago

The Game (mind game) ... The Game is a mental game where the objective is to avoid thinking about The Game itself. Thinking about The Game constitutes a loss, which must be announced...

7 months ago

Game+ ... Game+ is a Canadian English language specialty channel owned by Anthem Sports & Entertainment. It is an off-shoot of its sister channel GameTV, focused...

Video game
4 months ago

Video game ... A video game or computer game is an electronic game that involves interaction with a user interface or input device – such as a joystick, controller,...

Video game developer
5 months ago

Video game developer ... game developer is a software developer specializing in video game development – the process and related disciplines of creating video games. A game developer...

Game theory
4 months ago

Game theory ... Game theory is the study of mathematical models of strategic interaction among rational decision-makers. It has applications in all fields of social science...

The Game
3 months ago

The Game ... Game or The Games may refer to: The Game (dice game) (German: Das Spiel), a dice game designed by Reinhold Wittig The Game (mind game), a mind game,...

4 months ago

Gamer ... A gamer is a person who plays interactive games, especially video games, tabletop role-playing games, and skill-based card games, and who plays for usually...

The Game Game
4 months ago

The Game Game ... The Game Game is a game show hosted by Jim McKrell. It was packaged by Chuck Barris and aired during the 1969–1970 season; the show was Barris's first...

Game Boy
1 month ago

Game Boy ... The Game Boy is an 8-bit handheld game console developed and manufactured by Nintendo. The first handheld in the Game Boy family, it was first released...

Game of Thrones
3 months ago
The Game (rapper)
4 months ago
3 months ago
Online game
5 months ago
Go (game)
4 months ago
Video game console
5 months ago
Conway's Game of Life
4 months ago
Pokémon (video game series)
4 months ago
Hot game
4 months ago
This article is copied from an article on Wikipedia® - the free encyclopedia created and edited by its online user community. This article is distributed under the terms of GNU Free Documentation License.