Genocides in history

Overview of genocide in a historical context Wikimedia list article

Skulls of victims of the Rwandan genocide

Genocide is the deliberate and systematic destruction, in whole or in part, of an ethnic, racial, religious or national group. The term was coined in 1944 by Raphael Lemkin. It is defined in Article 2 of the Convention on the Prevention and Punishment of the Crime of Genocide (CPPCG) of 1948 as "any of the following acts committed with intent to destroy, in whole or in part, a national, ethnical, racial or religious group, as such: killing members of the group; causing serious bodily or mental harm to members of the group; deliberately inflicting on the groups conditions of life, calculated to bring about its physical destruction in whole or in part; imposing measures intended to prevent births within the group; forcibly transferring children of the group to another group."

The preamble to the CPPCG states that "genocide is a crime under international law, contrary to the spirit and aims of the United Nations and condemned by the civilized world" and that "at all periods of history genocide has inflicted great losses on humanity."

Contents

Alternate definitions

See also: Genocide definitions

The debate continues over what legally constitutes genocide. One definition is any conflict that the International Criminal Court has so designated. M. Hassan Kakar argues that the definition should include political groups or any group so defined by the perpetrator. He prefers the definition from Chalk and Jonassohn: "Genocide is a form of one-sided mass killing in which a state or other authority intends to destroy a group so defined by the perpetrator." The international (CPPCG) definition of 1948 was influenced by Joseph Stalin to exclude political gro... ...read more

Genocides in history (after World War II)
2 months ago

Genocides in history (after World War II) ... into three parts: Genocides in history (before World War I) Genocides in history (World War I through World War II) Genocides in history (after World War...

Genocides in history (before World War I)
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Genocides in history (before World War I) ... Glynn & Glynn 2004, p. Genocides in history (before World War I) at Google Books. Curthoys 2008, p. Genocides in history (before World War I) at Google...

Genocides in history (World War I through World War II)
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Genocides in history (World War I through World War II) ... (1996). Lethal Politics: Soviet Genocides and Mass Murders Since 1917. Transaction Publishers. p. Genocides in history (World War I through World War II)...

List of genocides
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List of genocides ... List of genocides by death toll Genocides in history List of massacres of Indigenous Australians Holocaust Armenian genocide Bosnian genocide Gendercide...

List of genocides by death toll
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List of genocides by death toll ... 55 million deaths). A broader list of genocides, ethnic cleansing and related mass persecution is available. Genocides in history include cases where there is...

Genocide
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Genocide ... and forbidding genocides. In 1946, the first session of the United Nations General Assembly adopted a resolution that affirmed genocide was a crime under...

Genocide of indigenous peoples
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Genocide of indigenous peoples ... Culture, Politics, and History. ABC-CLIO. ISBN 978-1851094417. Jones, Adam (2010). "3. Genocides of Indigenous Peoples". Genocide: A Comprehensive Introduction...

Herero and Namaqua genocide
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Herero and Namaqua genocide ... Nama genocide. Africa portal Germany portal Genocides in history (before World War I) List of genocides by death toll Max Planck Society Atrocities in the...

Circassian genocide
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Circassian genocide ... Hidden genocides: Power, knowledge, memory. Rutgers University Press. p. 114. ISBN 978-0-8135-6164-6. Berzhe 1882:342–343 (in Russian) Kokiev 1929:32 (in Russian)...

Armenian genocide
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Armenian genocide ... (2012). "The Armenian Genocide, 1915" (PDF). Holocaust and Other Genocides (PDF). NIOD Institute for War, Holocaust and Genocide Studies / Amsterdam University...

Rwandan genocide
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Darfur genocide
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Greek genocide
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Bosnian genocide
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California genocide
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Genocide denial
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Cambodian genocide
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Genocidal rape
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Uyghur genocide
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