The Great Frost of 1683–84 was a frost across England, reported as the worst in its history. During the Frost, the surface of the River Thames was reported as frozen to the depth of one foot (0.30:m). The Great Frost enabled one of the River Thames frost fairs. Entertainment on the frozen Thames as result of the Great Frost began the career of Chipperfield's Circus. A Great Frost Fair was also held in Leeds, when the River Aire froze solid for a month allowing a fair with an ox-roast and sports to take place, as described by Ralph Thoresby.
- ^ a b Williams, Rob (17 November 2013). "The 10 worst British winters ever - 1. The winter of 1684". The Independent. Retrieved 11 October 2014.
- ^ a b Ian Sansom (15 May 2010). "Great dynasties of the world: The Chipperfields". The Guardian. Guardian Media Group. Retrieved 11 October 2014.
- ^ Mitchell, W. R. (2000). A History of Leeds. Chichester: Phillimore. p.:52. ISBN:1 86077 130 0.