Greek alphabet

Greek alphabet, Script used to write the Greek language.

The Greek alphabet has been used to write the Greek language since the late ninth or early eighth century BC. It is derived from the earlier Phoenician alphabet, and was the first alphabetic script in history to have distinct letters for vowels as well as consonants. In Archaic and early Classical times, the Greek alphabet existed in many local variants, but, by the end of the fourth century BC, the Euclidean alphabet, with twenty-four letters, ordered from alpha to omega, had become standard and it is this version that is still used to write Greek today. These twenty-four letters (each in uppercase and lowercase forms) are: Α α, Β β, Γ γ, Δ δ, Ε ε, Ζ ζ, Η η, Θ θ, Ι ι, Κ κ, Λ λ, Μ μ, Ν ν, Ξ ξ, Ο ο, Π π, Ρ ρ, Σ σ/ς, Τ τ, Υ υ, Φ φ, Χ χ, Ψ ψ, and Ω ω. The Greek alphabet is the ancestor of the Latin and Cyrillic scripts. Like Latin and Cyrillic, Greek originally had only a single form of each letter; it developed the letter case distinction between uppercase and lowercase in parallel with Latin during the modern era.

History of the Greek alphabet
4 months ago

History of the Greek alphabet ... Mycenaean Greek, by several centuries. This article concentrates on the early period, before the codification of the now-standard Greek alphabet. The Phoenician...

Archaic Greek alphabets
3 months ago

Archaic Greek alphabets ... Many local variants of the Greek alphabet were employed in ancient Greece during the archaic and early classical periods, until they were replaced by the...

Romanization of Greek
3 months ago

Romanization of Greek ... Romanization of Greek is the transliteration (letter-mapping) or transcription (sound-mapping) of text from the Greek alphabet into the Latin alphabet. The conventions...

Alphabet
4 months ago

Alphabet ... word alphabet came into Middle English from the Late Latin word alphabetum, which in turn originated in the Greek ἀλφάβητος (alphabētos). The Greek word...

Albanian alphabet
4 months ago

Albanian alphabet ... codes for Greek: Problems and modern solutions" in Macrakis, 1996. Includes discussion of the Greek alphabet used for languages other than Greek. writingsystems...

Greek spelling alphabet
3 months ago

Greek spelling alphabet ... The Greek spelling alphabet is a spelling alphabet (or "phonetic alphabet") for Greek, i.e. a set of names given to the alphabet letters for the purpose...

Greek language
4 months ago

Greek language ... in the Arabic alphabet. Greece portal Language portal Modern Greek Varieties of Modern Greek Medieval Greek Ancient Greek Ancient Greek dialects Hellenic...

History of the alphabet
3 months ago

History of the alphabet ... According to Greek legends transmitted by Herodotus, the alphabet was brought from Phoenicia to Greece by Cadmos. The letters of the Greek alphabet are the...

Latin alphabet
4 months ago

Latin alphabet ... alphabet. The Latin alphabet evolved from the visually similar Etruscan alphabet, which evolved from the Cumaean Greek version of the Greek alphabet,...

Russian alphabet
4 months ago

Russian alphabet ... Bulgarian alphabet Computer russification Cyrillic alphabets Cyrillic script Euro-Ukrainian alphabet Greek alphabet Montenegrin alphabet List of Cyrillic...

Phoenician alphabet
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Cyrillic script
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Psi (Greek)
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Etruscan alphabet
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Omega
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Coptic alphabet
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Alpha
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Chi (letter)
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Attic Greek
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