Orthographical conventions of Greek, modern and historical This article is about diacritics placed above or below Greek letters. For Greek punctuation, see Greek orthography §:Punctuation. "Polytonic" redirects here. For the musical term, see polytonality. History Archaic local variants Numerals
Greek orthography has used a variety of diacritics starting in the Hellenistic period. The more complex polytonic orthography (Greek: πολυτονικό σύστημα γραφής, romanized::polytonikó sýstīma grafīs), which includes five diacritics, notates Ancient Greek phonology. The simpler monotonic orthography (μονοτονικό σύστημα γραφής, monotonikó sýstīma grafīs), introduced in 1982, corresponds to Modern Greek phonology, and requires only two diacritics.
Polytonic orthography (from polýs (πολύς) "much, many" and tónos (τόνος) "accent") is the standard system for Ancient Greek and Medieval Greek. The acute accent (´), the circumflex (˜), and the grave accent (`) indicate dif... ...read more