Hindustani language

Hindustani language, Indo-Aryan language spoken in India and Pakistan.

Hindustani language image

Hindustani (; Devanagari: हिन्दुस्तानी, Hindustānī, / Nastaliq:[a] ہندوستانی‎, Hindūstānī, lit. 'of Hindustan') is the lingua franca of Northern India and Pakistan; known in its literary forms as Hindi–Urdu (Devanagari: हिन्दी-उर्दू, Nastaliq: ہندی-اردو‎) and historically as Hindui, Hindavi, Zabān-e Hind (transl. 'Language of India'), Zabān-e Hindustan (transl. 'Language of Hindustan'), Hindustan ki boli (transl. 'Language of Hindustan'), Rekhta, and Hindi. Its regional dialects became known as Zabān-e Dakhani in southern India, Zabān-e Gujari (transl. 'Language of Gujars') in Gujarat, and as Zabān-e Dehlavi or Urdu around Delhi. It is an Indo-Aryan language, deriving its base primarily from the Western Hindi dialect of Delhi, also known as Khariboli. Hindustani is a pluricentric language, best characterised as a dialect continuum with two standardised registers: Modern Standard Hindi and Modern Standard Urdu. Depending on the social context and geographical area, the language leans towards either side.The concept of a Hindustani language as a "unifying language" or "fusion language" was endorsed by Mahatma Gandhi.

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