History of Afghanistan

History of Afghanistan, Historical development of Afghanistan.

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The history of Afghanistan (Pashto: د افغانستان تاریخ‎, Tārīkh e Afġānistān; Persian: تاریخ افغانستان‎, Da Afġānistān Tārīkh) as a state began in 1747 with its establishment by Ahmad Shah Durrani. The written recorded history of the land presently constituting Afghanistan can be traced back to around 500 BCE when the area was under the Achaemenid Empire, although evidence indicates that an advanced degree of urbanized culture has existed in the land since between 3000 and 2000 BCE. Bactria dates back to 2500 BC. The Indus Valley Civilisation stretched up to large parts of Afghanistan in the north. Alexander the Great and his Macedonian army arrived at what is now Afghanistan in 330 BCE after the fall of the Achaemenid Empire during the Battle of Gaugamela. Since then, many empires have risen from Afghanistan, including the Greco-Bactrians, Kushans, Hephthalites, Saffarids, Samanids, Ghaznavids, Ghorids, Khaljis, Timurids, Mughals, Hotakis and Durranis.Afghanistan (meaning "land of the Afghans" or "Afghan land") has been a strategically important location throughout history. The land served as "a gateway to India, impinging on the ancient Silk Road, which carried trade from the Mediterranean to China".

History of the Jews in Afghanistan
3 months ago

History of the Jews in Afghanistan ... The history of the Jews in Afghanistan goes back nearly 1,500 years, but if there is any truth to the legend which states that Afghan Jews are descended...

Afghanistan
3 months ago

Afghanistan ... the Islamic Republic of Afghanistan, is a mountainous landlocked country at the crossroads of Central and South Asia. Afghanistan is bordered by Pakistan...

Timeline of Afghan history
3 months ago

Timeline of Afghan history ... events, see History of Afghanistan. See also the list of leaders of Afghanistan and the list of years in Afghanistan. List of years in Afghanistan Solar Hijri...

Ancient history of Afghanistan
1 month ago

Ancient history of Afghanistan ... Archaeological exploration of the pre-Islamic period of Afghanistan began in Afghanistan in earnest after World War II and proceeded until the late 1970s...

Democratic Republic of Afghanistan
3 months ago

Democratic Republic of Afghanistan ... The Democratic Republic of Afghanistan (DRA), renamed the Republic of Afghanistan in 1987, existed from 1978 to 1992, during which time the socialist...

Soviet–Afghan War
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Soviet–Afghan War ... Soviet Army and the Democratic Republic of Afghanistan government throughout the 1980s, mostly in the Afghan countryside. The Mujahideen were variously...

History of Arabs in Afghanistan
1 month ago

History of Arabs in Afghanistan ... The history of Arabs in Afghanistan bs over one millennium, from the 11th century Islamic conquest when Arabs arrived with their Islamic mission until...

Languages of Afghanistan
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Languages of Afghanistan ... Dari is the official name of the variety of Persian language spoken in Afghanistan. It is often referred to as the Afghan Persian. Although still widely...

Hinduism in Afghanistan
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Hinduism in Afghanistan ... Hinduism in Afghanistan is practiced by a tiny minority of Afghans, believed to be about 50 individuals, who live mostly in the cities of Kabul and Jalalabad...

War in Afghanistan (2001–present)
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War in Afghanistan (2001–present) ... The War in Afghanistan is an ongoing war following the United States invasion of Afghanistan that began when the United States of America and its allies...

List of heads of state of Afghanistan
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Religion in Afghanistan
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Afghanistan national football team
3 months ago
Invasions of Afghanistan
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Kandahar
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Islamic Emirate of Afghanistan
3 months ago
United States invasion of Afghanistan
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Taliban
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Emirate of Afghanistan
1 month ago
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