Indigenous peoples of the Americas

Indigenous peoples of the Americas, Pre-Columbian inhabitants of the Americas and their descendants.

Indigenous peoples of the Americas image

"Indian nation" redirects here. For the South Asian country, see India. For the peoples of India, see Indian people. Pre-Columbian inhabitants of the Americas and their descendants

The Indigenous peoples of the Americas are the inhabitants of the Americas before the arrival of the European settlers in the 15th century, and the ethnic groups who now identify themselves with those peoples.

Although some Indigenous peoples of the Americas were traditionally hunter-gatherers—and many, especially in the Amazon basin, still are—many groups practiced aquaculture and agriculture. While some societies depended heavily on agriculture, others practiced a mix of farming, hunting and gathering. In some regions the Indigenous peoples created monumental architecture, large-scale organized cities, city-states, chiefdoms, states, kingdoms and empires. Some had varying degrees of knowledge of engineering, architecture, mathematics, astronomy, writing, physics, medicine, planting and irrigation, geology, mining, metallurgy, sculpture and goldsmithing.

Many parts of the Americas are still populated by Indigenous peoples; some countries have sizeable populations, especially Bolivia, Canada, Ecuador, Guatemala, Mexico, Peru and the United States. At least a thousand different Indigenous languages are spoken in the Americas. Some, such as the Quechuan languages, Aymara, Guaraní, Mayan languages and Nahuatl, count their speakers in millions. Many also maintain aspects of Indigenous cultural practices to varying degrees, including religion, social organization and subsistence practices. Like most cultures, over time, cultures specific to many Indigenous peoples have evolved to incorporate traditional aspects but also cater to modern needs. Some Indigenous peoples still live in relative isolation from Western culture and a few are still counted as uncontacted peoples.

Quechua women in party dress, on the island of Taquile (Lake Titicaca).

Contents

Population history of indigenous peoples of the Americas
6 months ago

Population history of indigenous peoples of the Americas ... Population figures for the indigenous people of the Americas prior to colonization have proven difficult to establish. Scholars rely on archaeological...

Indigenous peoples of South America
5 months ago

Indigenous peoples of South America ... The indigenous peoples of South America or South American indigenous peoples, are the pre-Columbian peoples of South America and their descendants. These...

Genetic history of indigenous peoples of the Americas
4 months ago

Genetic history of indigenous peoples of the Americas ... The genetic history of Indigenous peoples of the Americas (also named Amerindians or Amerinds in physical anthropology) is divided into two sharply distinct...

Classification of indigenous peoples of the Americas
6 months ago

Classification of indigenous peoples of the Americas ... Classification of indigenous peoples of the Americas is based upon cultural regions, geography, and linguistics. Anthropologists have named various cultural...

Mythologies of the indigenous peoples of the Americas
6 months ago

Mythologies of the indigenous peoples of the Americas ... The indigenous peoples of the Americas comprise numerous different cultures. Each has its own mythologies. Some are quite distinct, but certain themes...

Indigenous peoples in Canada
6 months ago

Indigenous peoples in Canada ... Indigenous Peoples in Canada (also known as Aboriginal Canadians or First Peoples) are the Indigenous Peoples within the boundaries of territory currently...

Indigenous peoples of Siberia
4 months ago

Indigenous peoples of Siberia ... earliest existing, usually the northernmost) are distantly genetically related to indigenous peoples of the Americas. In Kamchatka the Itelmens' uprisings against...

Indigenous peoples
5 months ago

Indigenous peoples ... place. The term indigenous was first, in its modern context, used by Europeans, who used it to differentiate the indigenous peoples of the Americas from...

Ceramics of indigenous peoples of the Americas
6 months ago

Ceramics of indigenous peoples of the Americas ... of indigenous ceramics artists in the Americas List of Native American ceramics artists in the United States Visual arts by indigenous peoples of the...

Indigenous peoples of Mexico
4 months ago

Indigenous peoples of Mexico ... Indigenous peoples of the Americas portal Mexico portal Colonial Mexico Indigenismo in Mexico Indigenous peoples of California Indigenous peoples of the...

Visual arts by indigenous peoples of the Americas
5 months ago
Indigenous peoples in Brazil
6 months ago
Indigenous languages of the Americas
6 months ago
Indigenous peoples in Colombia
5 months ago
Indigenous peoples of California
4 months ago
Indigenous Peoples' Day
4 months ago
Indigenous peoples in Argentina
5 months ago
Genocide of indigenous peoples
5 months ago
Indigenous peoples of Peru
4 months ago
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