Iranian Revolution

Iranian Revolution, 1978–1979 revolution that overthrew the Pahlavi dynasty.

Iranian Revolution image

The Iranian Revolution (Persian: انقلاب ایران‎, romanized: Enqelâbe Irân, pronounced [ʔeɴɢeˌlɒːbe ʔiːɾɒːn]), locally known as the Islamic Revolution (or the 1979 Revolution), was a series of events that culminated in the overthrow of the Pahlavi dynasty under Shah Mohammad Reza Pahlavi, and the replacement of his government with an Islamic republic under the Grand Ayatollah Ruhollah Khomeini, a leader of one of the factions in the revolt. The revolution was supported by various Islamist and leftist organizations and student movements. Demonstrations against the Shah commenced in October 1977, developing into a campaign of civil resistance that included both secular and religious elements. The protests rapidly intensified in 1978 as a result of the burning of Rex Cinema which was seen as the trigger of the revolution, and between August and December that year, strikes and demonstrations paralyzed the country. The Shah left Iran in exile on 16 January 1979, as the last Persian monarch, leaving his duties to a regency council and Shapour Bakhtiar, who was an opposition-based prime minister.

Background and causes of the Iranian Revolution
3 months ago

Background and causes of the Iranian Revolution ... The Iranian Revolution was the Shia Islamic revolution that replaced the secular monarchy of Shah Mohammad Reza Pahlavi with a theocracy led by Ayatollah...

Persian Constitutional Revolution
3 months ago

Persian Constitutional Revolution ... Constitutional Revolution (Persian: مشروطیت‎ Mashrūtiyyat, or انقلاب مشروطه Enghelāb-e Mashrūteh), also known as the Constitutional Revolution of Iran, took place...

Consolidation of the Iranian Revolution
3 months ago

Consolidation of the Iranian Revolution ... consolidation of the Iranian Revolution refers to a turbulent process of Islamic Republic stabilization, following the completion of the revolution. After the Shah...

Iranian Cultural Revolution
3 months ago

Iranian Cultural Revolution ... Cultural Revolution (1980–1983; Persian: انقلاب فرهنگی‎: Enqelābe Farhangi) was a period following the Iranian Revolution, when the academia of Iran was purged...

Casualties of the Iranian Revolution
3 months ago

Casualties of the Iranian Revolution ... human rights violations and casualties of anti-Shah forces during the Iranian Revolution, such as Black Friday massacre at Jaleh Square and Cinema Rex fire...

Islamic Revolutionary Guard Corps
4 months ago

Islamic Revolutionary Guard Corps ... Guardians of the Islamic Revolution' or Sepâh for short) is a branch of the Iranian Armed Forces, founded after the Iranian Revolution on 22 April 1979 by...

2009 Iranian presidential election protests
3 months ago

2009 Iranian presidential election protests ... meningitis. Iranian authorities closed universities in Tehran, blocked websites, cutoff mobile signals and banned rallies. The creation of the Iranian Green...

Iran–Palestine relations
3 months ago

Iran–Palestine relations ... 1979 Iranian Revolution, the Palestine Liberation Organization (PLO) held close ties with Iranian opposition groups. Following the revolution, Iran ended...

Iranian monarchy
4 months ago

Iranian monarchy ... The Iranian monarchy (Persian: شاهنشاهی ایران) existed in Iran from 715 BC to its abolition in 1979 by the Iranian Revolution. Median Empire, 715–549...

Timeline of the Iranian Revolution
3 months ago

Timeline of the Iranian Revolution ... Iranian censors). The small book (fewer than 150 pages) was smuggled into Iran and "widely distributed" to Khomeini supporters before the revolution....

Ideology of the Iranian Revolution
3 months ago
Supreme Leader of Iran
3 months ago
Iran hostage crisis
4 months ago
History of Iran
5 months ago
Iranian Americans
4 months ago
Revolution
4 months ago
1953 Iranian coup d'état
4 months ago
Organizations of the Iranian Revolution
4 months ago
White Revolution
5 months ago
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