The Italian Greyhound (Italian: Piccolo levriero Italiano) is an Italian breed of small sighthound. It may also be called the Italian Sighthound.
- 1 History
- 2 Characteristics
- 3 Use
- 4 References
- 5 Further reading
HistoryEngraving showing two prize-winning Italian Greyhounds in the United Kingdom, from John Henry Walsh, The dog, in health and disease, 1859
Small dogs of sighthound type have long been popular with nobility and royalty. Among those believed to have kept them are Frederick II, Duke of Swabia; members of the D'Este, Medici and Visconti families; the French kings Louis XI, Charles VIII, Charles IX, Louis XIII and Louis XIV; Frederick the Great of Prussia;:519 Anne of Denmark; Catherine the Great and Queen Victoria. Dogs of this type have often been represented in paintings, notably by Giotto, Sassetta and Tiepolo.
Dogs of this kind were taken in the first half of the nineteenth century to the United Kingdom, where they were known as Italian Greyhounds.:44 The first volume of The Kennel Club Calendar and Stud Book, published in 1874, lists forty of them.:597 The first breed association was the Italian Greyhound Club, founded in Britain in 1900.:157
In the nine years from 2011 to 2019, the Ente Nazionale della Cinofilia Italiana recorded a total of 2557 new registrations of the Piccolo Levriero, with a minimum of 213 and a maximum of 333 per year.
CharacteristicsThe Italian Greyhound has a short coat
The Italian Greyhound is the smallest of the sighthounds. It weighs no more than 5 kg and stands 32 to 38 cm at the withers.
It is deep in the chest, with a tucked-up abdomen, long slender legs and a long neck that tapers down to a small head. The head is long and pointed. The gait should be high-stepping and well-sprung, with good forward extension in the trot, and a fast gallop.
The coat may be solid black, grey or isabelline; white markings are accepted on the chest and feet only.
Life expectancy is about 14 years.:127:127 The Ortheopedic Foundation for Animals has found the Italian Greyhound to be the least affected by hip dysplasia of 157 breeds studied, with an incidence of 0.
The original function of the Piccolo Levriero was to hunt hare and rabbit; it is capable of bursts of speed up to 60 km/h. Although assigned to the sighthound or hare-coursing groups by the Fédération Cynologique Internationale and the Ente Nazionale della Cinofilia Italiana, the Italian Sighthound is – as it was in the past – kept mostly as a companion dog. It is classified as a toy breed by the American Kennel Club and the Kennel Club of the United Kingdom.
- Maria Luisa Incontri Della Stufa (1956). Il piccolo levriero italiano nell'arte e nella storia (in Italian). Firenze: Sansoni.
- (2004). Le razze italiane (in Italian). Milano: Ente Nazionale della Cinofilia.