List of cognitive biases

List of cognitive biases, Systematic patterns of deviation from norm or rationality in judgment.

Cognitive biases are systematic patterns of deviation from norm and/or rationality in judgment. They are often studied in psychology and behavioral economics.Although the reality of most of these biases is confirmed by reproducible research, there are often controversies about how to classify these biases or how to explain them. Several theoretical causes are known for some cognitive biases, which provides a classification of biases by their common generative mechanism (such as noisy information-processing). Gerd Gigerenzer has criticized the framing of cognitive biases as errors in judgment, and favors interpreting them as arising from rational deviations from logical thought.Explanations include information-processing rules (i.e., mental shortcuts), called heuristics, that the brain uses to produce decisions or judgments. Biases have a variety of forms and appear as cognitive ("cold") bias, such as mental noise, or motivational ("hot") bias, such as when beliefs are distorted by wishful thinking.

Cognitive bias
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Cognitive bias ... aberrations, biases can help humans find commonalities and shortcuts to assist in the navigation of common situations in life. Some cognitive biases are presumably...

Anchoring (cognitive bias)
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Anchoring (cognitive bias) ... effect is a cognitive bias whereby an individual's decisions are influenced by a particular reference point or 'anchor'. Once the value of the anchor is...

Attribution bias
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Attribution bias ... cognitive biases, there existed disagreement concerning the cause of such biases. On one hand, supporters of a "cognitive model" argued that biases were...

Recency bias
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Recency bias ... memory biases List of cognitive biases Nostalgia Outcome primacy Principles of learning Peak–end rule Reminiscence bump Use Cognitive Biases to Your...

Choice-supportive bias
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Choice-supportive bias ... Choice Cognitive dissonance Confabulation Confirmation bias Decision making Escalation of commitment List of cognitive biases List of memory biases Wishful...

Frequency illusion
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Frequency illusion ... can be influenced by this illusion. Chronostasis Confirmation bias List of cognitive biases Recency illusion Synchronicity Availability cascade Zwicky A...

Bias blind spot
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Bias blind spot ... The bias blind spot is the cognitive bias of recognizing the impact of biases on the judgment of others, while failing to see the impact of biases on one's...

List of memory biases
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List of memory biases ... In psychology and cognitive science, a memory bias is a cognitive bias that either enhances or impairs the recall of a memory (either the chances that...

List of psychological effects
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List of psychological effects ... Westermarck effect Word frequency effect Word superiority effect Worse-than-average effect Zeigarnik effect List of cognitive biases False memory Uncanny valley...

List of maladaptive schemas
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List of maladaptive schemas ... stimuli List of cognitive biases – Systematic patterns of deviation from norm or rationality in judgment List of memory biases – Wikipedia list article...

Optimism bias
2 days ago
Heuristics in judgment and decision-making
2 days ago
Cognitive distortion
1 month ago
The Art of Thinking Clearly
1 month ago
List of fallacies
17 hours ago
Not invented here
1 month ago
Thinking, Fast and Slow
1 day ago
Index of psychology articles
1 month ago
Omission bias
18 hours ago
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