The Philippines had a large and diverse group of mammalian species in the past. They are widely distributed across the archipelago, but they became extinct due to several factors. At least nine mammalian genera, a bird and a reptile have been extinct since the Pleistocene Epoch. A fossil species of the Sirenia has been found on Palawan and went extinct during the Miocene. Other unknown species of extinct deer, buffalo, pig, and small mammals are only known from incomplete fossil remains known from the Pleistocene. The Asian elephant was introduced to the Philippines, originally transported to the sultanates of Sulu and Maguindanao, but became extinct on those areas or were transported back to Sabah for unknown reasons sometime during the ca. 13th to 16th centuries. One former species of bat known as Acerodon lucifer was thought to be extinct, but is now synonymous with the giant golden-crowned flying fox. Thus, the species still thrives in the archipelago, but is locally extinct on the island of Panay.
Paleontological and archeological findings yielded information regarding the extinct mammalian species found in the Philippines through the excavation of various sites in the country.
Other possibly extinct animals
- List of mammals of the Philippines
- List of Asian animals extinct in the Holocene