Deities formed a part of the polytheistic religious beliefs in pre-Islamic Arabia, with many of the deities' names known. Up until about the fourth century AD, polytheism was the dominant form of religion in Arabia. Deities represented the forces of nature, love, death, and so on, and were interacted to by a variety of rituals.
Formal pantheons are more noticeable at the level of kingdoms, of variable sizes, ranging from simple city-states to collections of tribes. The Kaaba alone was said to have contained up to 1 image of many gods and goddesses. Tribes, towns, clans, lineages and families had their own cults too. Christian Julien Robin suggests that this structure of the divine world reflected the society of the time.
Pantheons and groupings
- ^ a b Attested in archaeological and/or epigraphic evidence
- ^ a b Attested in al-Kalbi's Book of Idols
- ^ Hoyland 2002, p.:139.
- ^ a b c Robin, Christian Julien, "South Arabia, Religions in Pre-Islamic", in McAuliffe 2005, pp.:87 harvnb error: no target: CITEREFMcAuliffe2005 (help)
- ^ Armstrong, Karen (2000). Islam: A Short History. p.:11. ISBN:0-8129-6618-X.
- ^ a b Jordan 2014, p.:16.
- ^ ... ...read more