List of rocks on Mars

"Martian rocks" redirects here. For Martian meteorites found on Earth, see List of Martian meteorites.Alphabetical list of named rocks and meteorites found on Mars

This is an alphabetical list of named rocks (and meteorites) found on Mars, by mission. This list does not include Martian meteorites found on Earth.

Names for Mars rocks are largely unofficial designations used for ease of discussion purposes, as the International Astronomical Union's official Martian naming system declares that objects smaller than 100:m (330:ft) are not to be given official names. Because of this, some less significant rocks seen in photos returned by Mars rovers have been named more than once, and others have even had their names changed later due to conflicts or even matters of opinion. Often rocks are named after the children or family members of astronauts or NASA employees. The name Jazzy, for example, was taken from a girl named Jazzy who grew up in Grand Junction, CO, USA. Her father worked for NASA and contributed to the findings and naming of the rocks.

(view • discuss) Interactive image map of the global topography of Mars, overlain with locations of Mars Lander and Rover sites. Hover your mouse over the image to see the names of over 60 prominent geographic features, and click to link to them. Coloring of the base map indicates relative elevations, based on data from the Mars Orbiter Laser Altimeter on NASA's Mars Global Surveyor. Whites and browns indicate the highest elevations (+12 to +8 km); followed by pinks and reds (+8 to +3 km); yellow is 0 km; greens and blues are lower elevations (down to −8 km). Axes are latitude and longitude; Polar regions are noted. (See also: Mars map; Mars Memorials map / list) (   Active ROVER •   Inactive •   Active LANDER •   Inactive •   Future )← Beagle 2 (2003)Curiosity (2012) → Deep Space 2 (1999) →Rosalind Franklin rover (2023) ↓ InSight (2018) → Mars 2 (1971) → ← Mars 3 (1971) Mars 6 (1973) → Polar Lander (1999) ↓↑ Opportunity (2004)← Perseverance (2021)

Phoenix (2008)Schiaparelli EDM (2016) → ← Sojourner (1997)Spirit (2004) ↑↓Zhurong (2021)

Viking 1 (1976) →Viking 2 (1976) →


  • 1 1976 – Viking program: Viking 1 and Viking 2 landers
  • 2 1997 – Sojourner rover (Mars Pathfinder)
  • 3 2004 – Spirit rover (MER-A)
  • 4 2004 – Opportunity rover (MER-B)
  • 5 2008 – Phoenix lander
  • 6 2012 – Curiosity rover (Mars Science Laboratory)
  • 7 2018 – InSight lander
  • 8 2021 – Perseverance rover (Mars 2020)
  • 9 Other rock formations
  • 10 See also
  • 11 References
  • 12 External links

1976 – Viking program: Viking 1 and Viking 2 landers

See also: Viking program

Viking 1 Lander – July 20, 1976; Last Earth Contact – November 13, 1982.
Viking 1 was operational on Mars for 2245 sols (2307 days; 6:years, 116:days).
Mars landing coordinates: 22°29′N 49°58′W / 22.48°N 49.97°W / 22.48; -49.97 (Viking 1 lander)

  • Bashful
  • Big Joe
  • Delta
  • Dopey
  • Grumpy
  • Metate 1
  • Metate 2
  • Midas Muffler
  • Patch
  • Sleepy
  • Sponge
  • Whale

Viking 2 Lander – September 3, 1976; Last Earth Contact – April 11, 1980.
Viking 2 was operational on Mars for 1281 sols (1316 days; 3:years, 221:days).
Mars landing coordinates: 47°58′N 225°44′W / 47.97°N 225.74°W / 47.97; -225.74 (Viking 2 lander) more

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