Little Ice Age volcanism

Overview of the topic Fig. 1 – global average temperatures show that the Little Ice Age was not a distinct planet-wide time period, but the end of a long temperature decline that preceded recent global warming.

Little Ice Age volcanism refers to the massive volcanic activities during the Little Ice Age. Scientists suggested a hypothesis that volcanism was the major driving force of the global cooling among the other natural factors, i.e. the sunspot activities by orbital forcing and greenhouse gas. The Past Global Change (PAGES), a registered paleo-science association for scientific research and networking on past global changes in the University of Bern, Switzerland, suggested that from 1630 to 1850, a total of 16 major eruptions and cooling events had taken place. When a volcano erupts, ashes burst out of the vent together with magma and forms a cloud in the atmosphere. The ashes act as an isolating layer that block out a proportion of solar radiation, causing global cooling. The global cooling effect impacts ocean currents, atmospheric circulation and cause social impacts such as drought and famine. Wars and rebellions were therefore triggered worldwide in the Little Ice Age. It was suggested that the crisis on Ottoman Empire and Ming-Qing Transition in China were typical examples that closely correlated with Little Ice Age.

Contents

Little Ice Age
5 months ago

Little Ice Age ... The Little Ice Age (LIA) was a period of regional cooling that occurred after the Medieval Warm Period. It was not a true ice age of global extent. The...

Ice age
1 month ago

Ice age ... An ice age is a long period of reduction in the temperature of the Earth's surface and atmosphere, resulting in the presence or expansion of continental...

Maunder Minimum
4 months ago

Maunder Minimum ... a new ice age?, Discover, June 17, 2011 (retrieved 16 July 2015) Miller et al. 2012. "Abrupt onset of the Little Ice Age triggered by volcanism and sustained...

Timeline of volcanism on Earth
3 months ago

Timeline of volcanism on Earth ... 2013. Miller et al. 2012. "Abrupt onset of the Little Ice Age triggered by volcanism and sustained by sea-ice/ocean feedbacks" Geophysical Research Letters...

Kuwae
3 months ago

Kuwae ... Dossier Miller et al. 2012. "Abrupt onset of the Little Ice Age triggered by volcanism and sustained by sea-ice/ocean feedbacks" Geophysical Research Letters...

Langjökull
4 months ago

Langjökull ... climatology of Langjokull through the little Ice Age. in: Quaternary Science Reviews, Vol. 26, 2007 Global Volcanism Program on Langjökull Erdbebenüberwachung...

Tuff
4 months ago

Tuff ... potential to be deposited wherever explosive volcanism takes place, and so have a wide distribution in location and age. Rhyolite tuffs contain pumiceous, glassy...

Cascade Volcanoes
3 months ago

Cascade Volcanoes ... "Meager". Global Volcanism Program. Smithsonian Institution. The Cascade Episode Retrieved on 2007-10-03 "Silverthrone". Global Volcanism Program. Smithsonian...

Baloch people in Sindh
4 months ago

Baloch people in Sindh ... (help). Miller et al. 2012. "Abrupt onset of the Little Ice Age triggered by volcanism and sustained by sea-ice/ocean feedbacks" Geophysical Research Letters...

Little Cottonwood Canyon
4 months ago

Little Cottonwood Canyon ... trough ("U" shaped canyon), carved by an alpine glacier during the last ice age, 15,000 to 25,000 years ago. A number of rare and endemic plant species...

Volcanic history of the Northern Cordilleran Volcanic Province
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Mount Rainier
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Ethnic groups in Pakistan
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Intraplate volcanism
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Year Without a Summer
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Canadian Cascade Arc
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