Maunder Minimum

Maunder Minimum, The period starting about 1645 and continuing to about 1715 when sunspots were exceedingly rare.

Maunder Minimum image

The Maunder Minimum, also known as the "prolonged sunspot minimum", is the name used for the period around 1645 to 1715 during which sunspots became exceedingly rare, as was then noted by solar observers. The term was introduced after John A. Eddy published a landmark 1976 paper in Science. Astronomers before Eddy had also named the period after the solar astronomers Edward Walter Maunder (1851–1928), and his wife Annie Russell Maunder (1868–1947),who studied how sunspot latitudes changed with time. The period which the Maunders examined included the second half of the 17th century. Two papers were published in Edward Maunder's name in 1890 and 1894, and he cited earlier papers written by Gustav Spörer.

Solar minimum
3 months ago

Solar minimum ... 7040 BC, 7310 BC, 7520 BC, 8220 BC, 9170 BC. List of solar cycles Maunder Minimum Solar cycle Solar cycle 24 Solar maximum Moussas, X.; Polygiannakis...

Dalton Minimum
3 months ago

Dalton Minimum ... with that of the Maunder Minimum but with that of the modern solar cycles . Like the Maunder Minimum and Spörer Minimum, the Dalton Minimum coincided with...

Edward Walter Maunder
3 months ago

Edward Walter Maunder ... identification of the period from 1645 to 1715 that is now known as the Maunder Minimum. Maunder was born in 1851, in London, the youngest child of a minister of...

Spörer Minimum
4 months ago

Spörer Minimum ... A. Eddy in a landmark 1976 paper published in Science titled "The Maunder Minimum". It occurred before sunspots had been directly observed and was discovered...

Solar cycle
4 months ago

Solar cycle ... 1645 and 1715, a time of few sunspots, is known as the Maunder minimum, after Edward Walter Maunder, who extensively researched this peculiar event, first...

Solar maximum
4 months ago

Solar maximum ... BC, 8220 BC, 9170 BC. There was also the maunder minimum 1645 to 1715. Solar wind Solar variation Solar minimum List of solar cycles – table of solar cycles...

Maunder
4 months ago

Maunder ... Maunder may refer to: Maunder (lunar crater) Maunder (Martian crater) Maunder (surname) Maunder Minimum, a period in the 17th–18th centuries when sunspots...

Sun
4 months ago

Sun ... several decades; few sunspots were observed during a period known as the Maunder minimum. This coincided in time with the era of the Little Ice Age, when Europe...

Annie S. D. Maunder
3 months ago

Annie S. D. Maunder ... Annie Scott Dill Maunder (née Russell) (14 April 1868 – 15 September 1947) was an Irish-British astronomer, who recorded the first evidence of the movement...

Sunspot
4 months ago

Sunspot ... have been implicated in global warming, originally the role of the Maunder Minimum of sunspot occurrence in the Little Ice Age in European winter climate...

Great Frost of 1709
3 months ago
List of solar cycles
4 months ago
John A. Eddy
3 months ago
The General Crisis
3 months ago
Solar cycle 25
3 months ago
Star
4 months ago
Solar irradiance
4 months ago
List of periods and events in climate history
3 months ago
51 Pegasi
4 months ago
This article is copied from an article on Wikipedia® - the free encyclopedia created and edited by its online user community. This article is distributed under the terms of GNU Free Documentation License.