Middle Ages

Middle Ages, Period of European history from the 5th to the late 15th-century.

Middle Ages image

Period of European history from the 5th to the late 15th-century This article is about medieval Europe. For a global history of the period between the 5th and 15th centuries, see Post-classical history. For other uses, see Middle Ages (disambiguation). "Medieval times" redirects here. For the dinner theatre, see Medieval Times.

The Cross of Mathilde, a crux gemmata made for Mathilde, Abbess of Essen (973–1011), who is shown kneeling before the Virgin and Child in the enamel plaque. The figure of Christ is slightly later. Probably made in Cologne or Essen, the cross demonstrates several medieval techniques: cast figurative sculpture, filigree, enamelling, gem polishing and setting, and the reuse of Classical cameos and engraved gems.

In the history of Europe, the Middle Ages or medieval period lasted approximately from the 5th to the late 15th centuries, similarly to the Post-classical period of global history. It began with the fall of the Western Roman Empire and transitioned into the Renaissance and the Age of Discovery. The Middle Ages is the middle period of the three traditional divisions of Western history: classical antiquity, the medieval period, and the modern period. The medieval period is itself subdivided into the Early, High, and Late Middle Ages.

Population decline, counterurbanisation, the collapse of centralized authority, invasions, and mass migrations of tribes, which had begun in Late Antiquity, continued into the Early Middle Ages. The large-scale movements of the Migration Period, including various Germanic peoples, formed new kingdoms in what remained of the Western Roman Empire. In the 7th century, North Africa and the Middle East—once part of the Byzantine Empire—came under the rule of the Umayyad Caliphate, an Islamic empire, after conquest by Muhammad's successors. Although there were substantial changes in society and politic... ...read more

Middle age
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Middle age ... the exact range is disputed, most sources[by whom?] place middle adulthood between the ages of 35-65. This phase of life is marked by gradual physical...

Early Middle Ages
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Early Middle Ages ... The Early Middle Ages or Early Medieval Period, sometimes referred to as the Dark Ages, is typically regarded by historians as lasting from the late 5th...

France in the Middle Ages
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France in the Middle Ages ... The Kingdom of France in the Middle Ages (roughly, from the 10th century to the middle of the 15th century) was marked by the fragmentation of the Carolingian...

Women in the Middle Ages
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Women in the Middle Ages ... Women in the Middle Ages occupied a number of different social roles. Women held the positions of wife, mother, peasant, artisan, and nun, as well as...

Timeline of the Middle Ages
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Timeline of the Middle Ages ... from the 5th to 15th centuries, loosely corresponding to the Old World Middle Ages, intermediate between Late Antiquity and the early modern period. Timeline...

England in the Middle Ages
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England in the Middle Ages ... England in the Middle Ages concerns the history of England during the medieval period, from the end of the 5th century through to the start of the Early...

High Middle Ages
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High Middle Ages ... High Middle Ages Europe and Mediterranean region The High Middle Ages, or High Medieval Period, was the period of European history that lasted from around...

Late Middle Ages
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Late Middle Ages ... Late Middle Ages or Late Medieval Period was the period of European history lasting from AD 1250 to 1500. The Late Middle Ages followed the High Middle Ages...

Crisis of the Late Middle Ages
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Crisis of the Late Middle Ages ... The Crisis of the Late Middle Ages was a series of events in the fourteenth and fifteenth centuries that ended centuries of European stability. Three...

Agriculture in the Middle Ages
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Agriculture in the Middle Ages ... 1500. The Middle Ages are sometimes called the Medieval Age or Period. The Middle Ages are also divided into the Early, High, and Late Middle Ages. The early...

Middle Ages (disambiguation)
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Infantry in the Middle Ages
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Britain in the Middle Ages
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Dictionary of the Middle Ages
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Christianity in the Middle Ages
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Middle Ages in film
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Spain in the Middle Ages
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List of states during the Middle Ages
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