Mountain gorilla

Mountain gorilla, Subspecies of the eastern gorilla.

Mountain gorilla image

Subspecies of the eastern gorilla

The mountain gorilla (Gorilla beringei beringei) is one of the two subspecies of the eastern gorilla. It is listed as endangered by the IUCN as of 2018.

There are two populations: One is found in the Virunga volcanic mountains of Central Africa, within three National Parks: Mgahinga, in southwest Uganda; Volcanoes, in northwest Rwanda; and Virunga, in the eastern Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC). The other population is found in Uganda's Bwindi Impenetrable National Park. Some primatologists speculate the Bwindi population is a separate subspecies, though no description has been finalized. As of June 2018, there were more than 1,000 individuals.

Contents

Evolution, taxonomy and classification

Gorilla taxonomy

Mountain gorillas are descendants of ancestral monkeys and apes found in Africa and Arabia during the start of the Oligocene epoch (34-24 million years ago). The fossil record provides evidence of the hominoid primates (apes) found in east Africa about 22–32 million years ago. The fossil record of the area where mountain gorillas live is particularly poor and so its evolutionary history is not clear. It was about 9 million years ago that the group of primates that were to evolve into gorillas split from their common ancestor with humans and chimps; this is when the genus Gorilla emerged. It is not certain what this early relative of the gorilla was, but it is traced back to the early ape ...read more

Gorilla
6 months ago

Gorilla ... a small percentage of Sub-Saharan Africa, gorillas cover a wide range of elevations. The mountain gorilla inhabits the Albertine Rift montane cloud forests...

Bwindi Impenetrable National Park
4 months ago

Bwindi Impenetrable National Park ... notable for the 400 Bwindi gorillas, half of the world's population of the endangered mountain gorillas. 14 habituated mountain gorilla groups are open to tourism...

Eastern gorilla
4 months ago

Eastern gorilla ... The eastern lowland gorilla or Grauer’s gorilla (G. b. graueri) is more populous, at about 3,800 individuals. The mountain gorilla (G. b. beringei) has...

Dian Fossey
6 months ago

Dian Fossey ... undertaking an extensive study of mountain gorilla groups from 1966 until her 1985 murder. She studied them daily in the mountain forests of Rwanda, initially...

Titus (gorilla)
4 months ago

Titus (gorilla) ... (24 August 1974 – 14 September 2009) was a silverback mountain gorilla of the Virunga Mountains, observed by researchers almost continuously over his...

Eastern lowland gorilla
4 months ago

Eastern lowland gorilla ... Massif. It is the largest of the four gorilla subspecies. It has a jet black coat like the mountain gorilla (Gorilla beringei beringei), although the hair...

Western lowland gorilla
5 months ago

Western lowland gorilla ... The western lowland gorilla (Gorilla gorilla gorilla) is one of two subspecies of the western gorilla (Gorilla gorilla) that lives in montane, primary...

Virunga Mountains
6 months ago

Virunga Mountains ... level. The Virunga Mountains are home of the critically endangered mountain gorilla, listed on the IUCN Red List of Endangered Species due to habitat loss...

Dian Fossey Gorilla Fund International
4 months ago

Dian Fossey Gorilla Fund International ... The Dian Fossey Gorilla Fund International (originally the Digit Fund) is a charity for the protection of endangered mountain gorillas. The Digit Fund...

Cross River gorilla
4 months ago

Cross River gorilla ... The Cross River gorilla (Gorilla gorilla diehli) is a subspecies of the western gorilla (Gorilla gorilla). It was named a new species in 1904 by Paul Matschie...

Gorilla-Man
4 months ago
Mountain Gorilla (TV series)
4 months ago
Mighty Joe Young (1998 film)
5 months ago
Homininae
5 months ago
Gorillas in the Mist
4 months ago
List of individual apes
5 months ago
Volcanoes National Park
5 months ago
Democratic Republic of the Congo
5 months ago
George Schaller
5 months ago
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