Pahari people (Kashmir)

Indo-European ethnolinguistic group native to South Asia

The Pahari people or Pahari-speaking people (abbreviated to PSP; Potwari: پہاڑی لوکی) are a diverse ethnolinguistic group who form a heterogeneous society consisting of a number of ethnic groups inhabitanting Jammu and Kashmir. They largely form two groups. The main group of Pahari people speaks five main languages which are classified as Western Pahari by G.A. Grierson in the first Linguistic Survey of India. They constitute the Bhadarwahi, Sarazi, Bhalesi dialect, Padri dialect, Gaddi language and Kangri-Dogri language speakers group found in Doda district, Ramban district and Kishtwar district and Kathua district of Jammu region.

The other group mainly inhabits the areas of the western parts of the Kashmir region split between India and Pakistan popularly known as Pir Panjal Range of the lower Himalayas. They predominantly speak Lahnda (Western Punjabi) dialects includes Pahari–Pothwari in Poonch and Rajouri Districts and Hindko in Baramulla and Kaupwara Districts of Jammu and Kashmir but refer to themselves 'Pahari Speaking People".



Pahari is among the regional languages listed in the sixth schedule of the Constitution of Jammu and Kashmir, and it is one of the languages being promoted since 1978 by the Jammu and Kashmir Academy of Art, Culture and Languages. The Pahari varieties spoken in the mountainous parts of the Jammu region include Bhadarwahi, Sarazi, Bhalesi, Padri and Gaddi practice distinct Pahari Culture and are more closely related to the Pahari languages spoken in Himachal Pradesh. The other claime... more

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