Persianization

Sociological process of cultural change and cultural assimilation in which something non-Persian becomes "Persianate" (Learn how and when to remove this template message)

Persianization (/ˌpɜːrʒəˌnaɪˈzeɪʃən/), or Persification (/ˌpɜːrsɪfɪˈkeɪʃən/) (Persian: پارسی‌سازی‎), is a sociological process of cultural change in which a culture becomes "Persianate." It is a specific form of cultural assimilation that often includes language shift. The term applies not only to cultures, but also to individuals, as they acclimate to Persian culture and become "Persianized" or "Persified."

Historically, the term was commonly applied to refer to changes in the cultures of non-Iranian peoples living within the Persian cultural sphere, particularly during the early and middle Islamic periods, such as Arabs and various South Caucasus (Georgians, Armenians, and Azerbaijanis) and Turkic peoples, including the Seljuqs, the Ottomans and the Ghaznavids. The term has also been applied to the transmission of aspects of Persian culture, including language, to the non-Persian peoples in area surrounding Persia (Iran), such as Anatolia and South Asia.

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History

Pre-Islamic Period

Unlike the Ancient Greeks and the Roman Empire, the ancient Persian Achaemenid Empire was not concerned with spreading its culture to the many peoples that it conquered. Arguably, the first recorded episode of persianization dates back to Alexander the Great, who, after conquering the Persian Empire in the 4th century BCE, adopted Persian dress, customs and court mannerisms; married a Persian princess, Stateira II and made subjects cast themselves on their faces when approaching him, in Persian-style, known to Greeks as the custom of proskynesis<... ...read more

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