Pre-Islamic Arabia

Arabic civilization which existed in the Arabian Peninsula before the rise of Islam in the 630s Nabataean trade routes in Pre-Islamic Arabia Gravestone of a young woman named Aban, portrayed frontally with a raised right hand and a sheaf of a wheat in her left hand, symbolizing fertility. British Museum, London

Pre-Islamic Arabia (Arabic: شبه الجزيرة العربية قبل الإسلام‎) is the Arabian Peninsula prior to the emergence of Islam in 610 CE.

Some of the settled communities developed into distinctive civilizations. Information about these communities is limited and has been pieced together from archaeological evidence, accounts written outside of Arabia, and Arab oral traditions which were later recorded by Islamic historians. Among the most prominent civilizations were the Thamud civilization, which arose around 3000 BCE and lasted to around 300 CE, and the Dilmun civilization, which arose around the end of the fourth millennium and lasted to around 600 CE. Additionally, from the beginning of the first millennium BCE, Southern Arabia was the home to a number of kingdoms such as the Sabaeans, and Eastern Arabia was inhabited by Semitic speakers who presumably migrated from the southwest, such as the so-called Samad population. A few nodal points were controlled by Iranian Parthian and Sassanian colonists.

Pre-Islamic religions in Arabia included Arabian indigenous polytheistic beliefs, ancient Semitic religions (religions predating the Abrahamic religions which themselves likewise originated among the ancient Semitic-speaking peoples), various forms of Christianity, Judaism, Manichaeism, and Zoroastrianism.

Contents

Religion in pre-Islamic Arabia
3 months ago

Religion in pre-Islamic Arabia ... Religion in pre-Islamic Arabia included indigenous Arabian polytheism, ancient Semitic religions (religions predating the Abrahamic religions which themselves...

Women in pre-Islamic Arabia
1 month ago

Women in pre-Islamic Arabia ... regarding women in pre-Islamic Arabia. Most of it originates from traditions (hadith and historical traditions), from pre-Islamic poetry, and from early...

Marriage in pre-Islamic Arabia
1 month ago

Marriage in pre-Islamic Arabia ... In pre-Islamic Arabia, a variety of different marriage practices existed. The most common and recognized types of marriage at this time consisted of: marriage...

List of pre-Islamic Arabian deities
2 months ago

List of pre-Islamic Arabian deities ... Deities formed a part of the polytheistic religious beliefs in pre-Islamic Arabia, with many of the deities' names known. Up until about the fourth century...

Pre-Islamic Arabian calendar
3 months ago

Pre-Islamic Arabian calendar ... Several calendars have been used in pre-Islamic Arabia. Inscriptions of the ancient South Arabian calendars reveal the use of a number of local calendars...

Marriage in Islam
3 months ago

Marriage in Islam ... the Arabian Jahiliyyah law, Islamic sources allege that no limitations were set on men's rights to marry or to obtain a divorce.[page needed] Islamic law...

Islamic views on slavery
1 month ago

Islamic views on slavery ... radically different throughout history. Slavery was a mainstay of life in pre-Islamic Arabia and surrounding lands. The Quran and the hadith (sayings of Muhammad)...

Adnan
2 months ago

Adnan ... in various Pre-Islamic poems, such as the Pre-Islamic poets: "Lubayb Ibn Rabi'a" and "Abbas Ibn Mirdas". Adnan was viewed by Pre-Islamic Arabs as an...

Arabian Peninsula
3 months ago

Arabian Peninsula ... existence of many civilizations in pre-Islamic Arabia (such as the Thamud), especially in South Arabia. South Arabian civilizations include the Sheba, the...

Ishmael
3 months ago

Ishmael ... 25:17). Jewish, Christian and Islamic traditions consider Ishmael to be the ancestor of the Ishmaelites (Hagarenes: Arabians or Muslims) and patriarch of...

Hubal
3 months ago
Islamic calendar
3 months ago
History of Saudi Arabia
3 months ago
Islam in Saudi Arabia
3 months ago
Allah as a lunar deity
1 month ago
Islamic New Year
2 months ago
Early social changes under Islam
1 month ago
Muhammad in Islam
1 month ago
Islamic views on concubinage
2 months ago
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