Quetta (; Pashto: کوټه ; IPA [ˈkʰwəː tə]; Balochi: کویته; Urdu: کوئٹہ; [ˈkweːʈə] (listen); formerly known as Shalkot is the provincial capital and largest city of the Province of Balochistan in Pakistan. It is also the 10th largest city of Pakistan. It was largely destroyed in the 1935 Quetta earthquake, but was rebuilt and has a population of 1,001,205 according to the census of 2017. Quetta is at an average elevation of 1,680 metres (5,510 feet) above sea level, making it Pakistan's only high-altitude major city. The city is known as the "Fruit Garden of Pakistan," due to the numerous fruit orchards in and around it, and the large variety of fruits and dried fruit products produced there.Located in northern Balochistan near the Pakistan-Afghanistan border and the road across to Kandahar, Quetta is a trade and communication centre between the two countries.
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