Russian battleship Dvenadsat Apostolov

1893 Russian battleship

Dvenadsat Apostolov (Russian: Двенадцать апостолов—"Twelve Apostles") was a pre-dreadnought battleship built for the Imperial Russian Navy, the sole ship of her class. She entered service in 1893 with the Black Sea Fleet, but was not fully ready until 1894. The ship participated in the failed attempt to recapture the mutinous battleship Potemkin in 1905. Decommissioned and disarmed in 1911, Dvenadsat Apostolov became an immobile submarine depot ship the following year. The ship was captured by the Germans in 1918 in Sevastopol and was handed over to the Allies in December. Lying immobile in Sevastopol, she was captured by both sides in the Russian Civil War before she was abandoned when the White Russians evacuated the Crimea in 1920. Dvenadsat Apostolov was used as a stand-in for the title ship during the 1925 filming of The Battleship Potemkin before she was finally scrapped in 1931.

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Design

Dvenadsat Apostolov was originally ordered as one of a pair of battleships for the Black Sea Fleet, but the second ship was awarded to a firm on the verge of bankruptcy and they made no significant progress. Her initial armament was planned to be eight 9-inch (229:mm) guns, four in two twin-gun turrets and the remainder in the central casemate. After construction of the hull began in early 1888, the Naval Technical Committee in September decided to increase the thickness of the waterline armor belt from 13 inches (330:mm) to 14 inches (356:mm) in exchange for a further 75 long tons (76:t) in displacement. It also decided to move the forward turret back 7:feet 8:inches (2.3:m) because it thought that the ship might be bow-heavy, and revise the armament to four 12-inch (305:mm) guns in twin-gun barbettes at each end of the ship with four 6-inch (150:mm) guns in a shortened casemate. Altogether these changes, including the extra armor, added over 100 long tons (100:t) of weight to the ship.

General characteristics

Dvenadsat Apostolov was 335:feet 6:inches (102.3:m) long at the waterline and 342 feet (104.2:m) long ...read more

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