SS Drottningholm

This article is about transatlantic ocean liner. For Stockholm-area passenger ferry, see SS Drottningholm (1909). "SS Virginian" redirects here. For other uses, see Virginian (ship).

SS Drottningholm was one of the earliest steam turbine ocean liners. She was designed as a transatlantic liner and mail ship for Allan Line, built in Scotland, and launched in 1904 as RMS Virginian. Her sister ship, RMS:Victorian, was built in Ireland, launched four months earlier, and was the World's first turbine-powered liner.

In the First World War Virginian spent a few months as a troopship and was then converted into an armed merchant cruiser (AMC). In August 1917 a U-boat damaged her with a torpedo.

In 1920 she was sold to the Swedish American Line and remnamed Drottningholm. As a neutral passenger ship the Second World War she performed notable service repatriating thousands of civilians of various countries on both sides of the war.

In 1948 Drottningholm was then sold to a company in the Italian Home Lines group, who changed her mane to Brasil.

In 1951 Home Lines chartered her to Hamburg America Line, and the line her name changed again, this time to Homeland.

Homeland was scrapped in Italy in 1955.

Contents

Background

The World's first steam turbine merchant ship, TS:King Edward, was launched in 1901. She was a technological and commercial success, but was only a 502:GRT excursion steamship making short-sea trips in and around the Firth of Clyde, and her running costs – and hence passenger fares – were higher than those of her competitors with conventional ...read more

This article is copied from an article on Wikipedia® - the free encyclopedia created and edited by its online user community. This article is distributed under the terms of GNU Free Documentation License.