Schism

Division between people, usually belonging to an organization, movement, or religious denomination For other uses, see Schism (disambiguation). Not to be confused with Shia Islam.

A schism (pronounced /ˈsɪzəm/ SIZ-əm, /ˈskɪzəm/ SKIZ-əm or, less commonly, /ˈʃɪzəm/ SHIZ-əm) is a division between people, usually belonging to an organization, movement, or religious denomination. The word is most frequently applied to a split in what had previously been a single religious body, such as the East–West Schism or the Great Western Schism. It is also used of a split within a non-religious organization or movement or, more broadly, of a separation between two or more people, be it brothers, friends, lovers, etc.

A schismatic is a person who creates or incites schism in an organization or who is a member of a splinter group. Schismatic as an adjective means pertaining to a schism or schisms, or to those ideas, policies, etc. that are thought to lead towards or promote schism.

In religion, the charge of schism is distinguished from that of heresy, since the offence of schism concerns not differences of belief or doctrine but promotion of, or the state of, division. However, schisms frequently involve mutual accusations of heresy. In Roman Catholic teaching, every heresy is a schism, while there may be some schisms free of the added guilt of heresy. Liberal Protestantism, however, has often preferred heresy over schism. Presbyterian scholar James I. McCord (quoted with approval by the Episcopalian Bishop of Virginia, Peter Lee) drew a distinction between them, teaching: "If you must make a choice between heresy and schism, always choose heresy. As a schismatic, you have torn and divided the body of Christ. Choose heresy every time." ("Choose heresy" is a pun; "heresy" is a Latinization of an ancient Greek word for "to choose".)

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Schism (song)
5 months ago

Schism (song) ... "Schism" is a song by American rock band Tool. It was the first single and music video from their third full-length album, Lateralus. In 2002, Tool won...

Western Schism
6 months ago

Western Schism ... The Western Schism, also called Papal Schism, The Vatican Standoff, Great Occidental Schism and Schism of 1378 (Latin: Magnum schisma occidentale, Ecclesiae...

East–West Schism
5 months ago

East–West Schism ... The East–West Schism (also the Great Schism or Schism of 1054) is the break of communion since the 11th century between the Catholic Church and Eastern...

Schism in Christianity
4 months ago

Schism in Christianity ... Quartodecimanist schism 325 Macedonian Schism 342 Luciferian Schism 355 Appolinarist Schism 381 Collyridianist Schism c.376 Audianist Schism 380 Nestorian Schism 431...

Great Schism
4 months ago

Great Schism ... Great Schism may refer to: East–West Schism, between the Eastern Orthodox Church and the Catholic Church, beginning in 1054 Western Schism, a split within...

Acacian schism
5 months ago

Acacian schism ... The Acacian schism, between the Eastern and Western Christian Churches, lasted 35 years, from 484 to 519 AD. It resulted from a drift in the leaders of...

Schism (disambiguation)
6 months ago

Schism (disambiguation) ... A schism is a division between people, usually belonging to an organization, movement, or religious denomination. Schism may also refer to: List of schisms...

Schism of 1552
5 months ago

Schism of 1552 ... The Schism of 1552 was an important event in the history of the Church of the East. It divided the church into two factions, of which one entered into...

Rome–Constantinople schism
4 months ago

Rome–Constantinople schism ... Rome–Constantinople schism may refer to: Rome–Constantinople schism of 484, also known in Western sources as the Acacian Schism Rome–Constantinople schism of 863,...

2018 Moscow–Constantinople schism
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2018 Moscow–Constantinople schism ... A schism between the Russian Orthodox Church (ROC, also known as the Moscow Patriarchate) and the Ecumenical Patriarchate of Constantinople began on 15...

Nestorian Schism
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Orthodox schism
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Photian schism
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National Schism
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Nonjuring schism
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Council of Chalcedon
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Moscow–Constantinople schism
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X-Men: Schism
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Donatism
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