Spanish Armada

Fleet of ships under Spanish control, intended to attack England in 1588 This article is about the Spanish fleet that sailed against England in 1588. For the modern navy of Spain, see Spanish Navy.

Belligerents Iberian Union (Habsburg Spain)Commanders and leaders Strength
  • 34 warships
  • 163 armed merchant vessels
    (30 more than 200 tons)
  • 30 flyboats
  • 22 galleons of Portugal and Castile
  • 108 armed merchant vessels (including four war galleasses of Naples)
  • 2,431 artillery pieces
  • 7,000 sailors
  • 17,000 soldiers (90% Spaniards, 10% Portuguese)
Casualties and losses Battle of Gravelines: Disease: 6,000–8,000 dead Battle of Gravelines:
  • More than 600 dead
  • 800 wounded
  • 397 captured
  • Five ships sunk or captured
  • c. 35 ships lost (10 scuttled)
  • 20,000 dead

The Spanish Armada (Spanish: Grande y Felicísima Armada, lit. 'Great and Most Fortunate Navy') was a Habsburg Spanish fleet of 130 ships that sailed from Lisbon in late May 1588 under the command of the Duke of Medina Sidonia, with the purpose of escorting an army from Flanders to invade England. Medina Sidonia was an aristocrat without naval command experience but was made commander by King ... more

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